National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Small Business Innovation Research & Technology Transfer 2008 Program Solicitations

Chapter 9.1.2

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The Exploration Systems Mission Directorate (ESMD) is developing a constellation of new capabilities and supporting technologies and conducting foundational research to enable sustained and affordable human and robotic exploration. In order to support this complex mission, program offices have been established at the NASA Centers to manage the development of the next generation of space vehicles and systems. The Constellation Program (CxP), which is developing and building the Orion crew exploration vehicle and the Ares launch vehicles, is located at the Johnson Space Center (JSC). CxP also develops and builds the lunar lander, Earth departure stage, EVA, and lunar surface systems.

The Human Research Program (HRP), which performs research and technology development that addresses the highest risks to the human system in support of exploration, is also located at JSC. Advanced technologies will be developed for Orion, Ares, and other space vehicles and systems by the Exploration Technology Development Program (ETDP) at the Langley Research Center (LaRC). These three major ESMD Programs will maximize the use of SBIR Phase 1 through 3 technology research projects to minimize technology development costs and expedite the activation of explorations systems as soon as possible.

TOPIC X1 Avionics and Software
X1.01 Automation for Vehicle and Habitat Operations
X1.02 Reliable Software for Exploration Systems
X1.03 Radiation Hardened/Tolerant and Low Temperature Electronics and Processors
X1.04 Integrated System Health Management

TOPIC X2 Environmental Control and Life Support
X2.01 Spacecraft Cabin Ventilation and Thermal Control
X2.02 Spacecraft Cabin Atmospheric Resource Management and Particulate Matter Removal
X2.03 Spacecraft Habitation and Waste Management Systems
X2.04 Spacecraft Environmental Monitoring and Control
X2.05 Spacecraft Fire Protection

TOPIC X3 Lunar In Situ Resource Utilization
X3.01 Lunar Regolith Excavation and Material Handling
X3.02 Oxygen Production from Lunar Regolith
X3.03 Lunar ISRU Development and Precursor Activities

TOPIC X4 Structures, Materials and Mechanisms
X4.01 Low Temperature Mechanisms
X4.02 Advanced Radiation Shielding Materials and Structures
X4.03 Expandable Structures
X4.04 Composite Structures - NDE/Structures Health Monitoring
X4.05 Composite Structures - Cryotanks
X4.06 Composite Structures - Manufacturing

TOPIC X5 Lunar Operations
X5.01 Lunar Surface Systems
X5.02 Surface System Dust Mitigation
X5.03 Extravehicular Activity (EVA)

TOPIC X6 Energy Generation and Storage
X6.01 Fuel Cells for Surface Systems
X6.02 Advanced Space-Rated Batteries

TOPIC X7 Cryogenic Systems
X7.01 Cryogenic Storage for Space Exploration Applications
X7.02 Cryogenic Fluid Transfer and Handling
X7.03 Cryogenic Instrumentation for Ground and Flight Systems

TOPIC X8 Protection Systems
X8.01 Detachable, Human-Rated, Ablative Environmentally Compliant TPS

TOPIC X9 Exploration Crew Health Capabilities
X9.01 Crew Exercise System

TOPIC X10 Exploration Medical Capability
X10.01 In-Flight Diagnosis and Treatment
X10.02 EVA Suit Monitoring and Treatment

TOPIC X11 Behavioral Health and Performance
X11.01 Behavioral Assessment Tools

TOPIC X12 Space Human Factors and Food Systems
X12.01 Space Human Factors Assessment Tools
X12.02 Advanced Food Technologies

TOPIC X13 Space Radiation
X13.01 Active Charged Particle and Neutron Radiation Measurement Technologies
X13.02 Technology/Technique for Imaging Radiation Damage at the Cellular Level

TOPIC X14 In-flight Biological Sample Preservation and Analysis
X14.01 On Orbit Ambient Biological Sample Preservation Techniques
X14.02 On Orbit Cell Counting and Analysis Capability

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