NASA 1996 SBIR Phase I


PROPOSAL NUMBER : 96-1 16.08-1980

PROJECT TITLE : Fullerene Bed as Non-venting Regenerative CO2/H2O Removal System

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (LIMIT 200 WORDS)

Fullerene, C60, carbon was found to exhibit unique physical and chemical properties. Preliminary experiments at MER demonstrated that CO2 can be separated from other gases to below 0.011 percent by volume using C60 supported on Al2O3 bed. In addition, the sorbent bed was found to be fully regenerative repeatedly at low temperatures 200 C. This behavior will be further investigated in details with respect to revitalization of air in manned space stations. In Phase I effort the kinetics, and capacity of CO2 and water vapor absorption and desorption (using temperature swings) will be investigated using fullerene, and fullerene supported beds. The optimum system will be scaled up sufficiently to demonstrate the engineering feasibility . The system engineering integration and overall viability of the proposed system to meet NASA requirements will also be assessed.
POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS
Fullerene is a material with potentially unique properties. Preliminary results indicate that a new class of absorption reactions can be made possible with this new material such as the absorption of CO2 and H2. This could further expand to other gas absorption as gas separation application for such as fuel cell power systems.
NAME AND ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Dr. R.O. Loutfy
Materials & Electrochemical Research Corporation
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706
NAME AND ADDRESS OF OFFEROR
Materials & Electrochemical Research Corporation
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706