SBIR Phase I Solicitation   Abstract Archives

NASA SBIR 2023-I Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- A1.04-1156
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Electrified Aircraft Propulsion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Enhanced Motor Performance via Two-Phase Thermal Management

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
1046 New Holland Avenue, Lancaster, PA 17601
          
   
Phone:
          
(717) 205-0628                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jeffrey Diebold
          
   
E-mail:
          
jeffrey.diebold@1-act.com
          
   
Address:
          
1046 New Holland Avenue, PA 17601 - 5688
          
   
Phone:
          
(717) 205-0625                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
William Anderson
          
   
E-mail:
          
Bill.Anderson@1-act.com
          
   
Address:
          
1046 New Holland Avenue, PA 17601 - 5688
          
   
Phone:
          
(717) 205-0602                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Thermal management presents a significant constraint on the achievable efficiency and power density of MW-scale electric motors for aircraft propulsion. High temperatures within the windings limit the maximum power density, reduce the lifetime of the winding insulation, and increase electrical losses lowering efficiency. Innovative thermal management strategies can significantly enhance the performance of motors for electrified aircraft propulsion.

In this SBIR program, Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. will develop an innovative two-phase thermal transport system for high power electric motors that will augment traditional cooling solutions by efficiently extracting heat from difficult to cool areas. The two-phase thermal transport system will be fully passive, lightweight and scalable. The proposed technologies will reduce the operating temperature of the motor windings allowing for increased power density and efficiency.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The two-phase thermal management technology proposed here is relevant to several strategic thrusts outlined by NASA’s Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate: “Ultra-Efficient Commercial Vehicles” and “Transition to Low-Carbon Propulsion”. NASA envisions a significant shift in commercial aircraft to ultra-efficient airframes and propulsion concepts utilizing electric or hybrid electric propulsion. Improved thermal management of the proposed technology will enable significant increase in the power and torque density of electric motors.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The proposed technology is applicable to various motor architectures and sizes. It will find use in passenger aircraft, unmanned aircraft, and electric vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. In addition to the aviation industry, the need for high-performing motors in electric automobiles is rapidly growing as nearly all sectors of the transportation industry begin to electrify.   

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.01-1346
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 CoDLiR: Compact Digitizing Lidar Receiver

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Nalu Scientific, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
2800 Woodlawn Drive, Suite 240, Honolulu, HI 96822
          
   
Phone:
          
(808) 343-9204                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Benjamin Rotter
          
   
E-mail:
          
ben@naluscientific.com
          
   
Address:
          
2800 Woodlawn Dr. Ste#240, HI 96822 - 1876
          
   
Phone:
          
(808) 726-6506                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Ansel Bare
          
   
E-mail:
          
ansel.bare@naluscientific.com
          
   
Address:
          
2800 Woodlawn Drive, HI 96822 - 1876
          
   
Phone:
          
(563) 209-2420                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

 

A reduction in space and power requirements for each channel of a LiDAR system would allow for a system with significantly more channels and/or a system small enough to fly on CubeSat scale vehicles.  The primary method by which the CoDLiR will accomplish this goal is the integration of feature extraction, digital processing, and bias control onto one single low-power chip.  For a full-scale detector, multiple channels (up to 64) would be serviced by a single chip. NSL has extensive experience with single-photon detection with extremely high timing resolution through our work with HEP collider and astrophysics experiments. We are currently developing a range of application specific integrated circuits (ASICs) for DOE Office of High Energy Physics (HEP) projects that have channel counts ranging from 4 to 64 per ASIC, which could be modified for this task specifically. These system on chip (SoC) ASICs implement built-in digital signal processing (DSP) and control interfaces that can enable precise time of flight (ToF) measurements of back-scattered laser light pulses with low light for use in orbiting or aerial LiDAR applications.  

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

 

Future NASA scientific missions will require remote sensing equipment with lower power, smaller form factors, increased robustness, and higher sensitivities.  Integration of LiDAR systems into a system-on-chip ASIC would achieve these goals and be of interest in numerous applications.  Possible uses range from high-beam-count orbital LiDAR imaging systems to high-precision and low-power imaging sensors for planetary missions.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

 

A low SWaP-C, accurate LiDAR can be used in autonomous vehicles, both automobile and aerial systems, would benefit significantly from reduced power and size made possible by increased integration, lower return signal power requirements, and increased precision. Our technology would provide a product that could be also utilized by various industries interested in orbital geospatial mapping.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.01-1960
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Fiber-based laser transmitter at 0.95 μm band for water vapor LiDAR application

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
AdValue Photonics, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
2700 East Bilby Road, AZ, AZ 85706
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Michael Mielke
          
   
E-mail:
          
mmielke@advaluephotonics.com
          
   
Address:
          
2700 East Bilby Road, AZ 85706 - 4580
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
shibin jiang
          
   
E-mail:
          
SJIANG@ADVALUEPHOTONICS.COM
          
   
Address:
          
2700 E. Bilby Road, AZ 85706 - 4580
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Based on our proprietary award-winning fiber laser technology, AdValue Photonics proposes to develop and demonstrate a novel water vapor LiDAR transmitter at 0.9 μm – a high-energy, high-peak-power, narrow-linewidth, fiber-based laser transmitter – which enables water vapor DIAL measurements in the 0.9 μm band. In the Phase I program, we will focus on the feasibility investigation of such a fiber-based, energy-scalable, pulsed laser transmitter at 935 nm for water vapor DIAL measurements. In the Phase II program, we will experimentally demonstrate this enabling technology by developing a deliverable prototype transmitter unit of such a high-pulse-energy narrow-linewidth laser at 935 nm laser at the end of the Phase II program.    

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The proposed laser transmitter system in this SBIR program is a fiber-based laser solution for airborne water vapor DIAL measurements – different from the current design of NASA’s HALO system – offering many advantages, such as higher efficiency, smaller SWaP, coherent detection capability, wide wavelength selectivity, compactness, and robustness.  These advantages are all vital for airborne or spaceborne atmospheric water vapor measurements.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

In addition to the specific NASA applications for airborne or spaceborne atmospheric water vapor measurements, a high-energy, high-peak-power, fiber-based lasers operating in the NIR spectral range could be an immediate alternative to a bulky Ti:sapphire laser for many spectroscopic applications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.01-2002
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Ozone Lidar Utilizing 308 nm and 355 nm Compact Fiber-Based Lasers

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
AdValue Photonics, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
2700 East Bilby Road, AZ, AZ 85706
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Jian Zhao
          
   
E-mail:
          
jZhao@advaluephotonics.com
          
   
Address:
          
2700 East Bilby Road, AZ 85706 - 4580
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
shibin jiang
          
   
E-mail:
          
SJIANG@ADVALUEPHOTONICS.COM
          
   
Address:
          
2700 E. Bilby Road, AZ 85706 - 4580
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 790-5468                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Both stratospheric ozone and tropospheric ozone significantly affect lifeforms on Earth. They influence the environment, the atmosphere, and the global climate. The science community has spent tremendous efforts for the observation of ozone concentration in the atmosphere. Differential absorption Lidar (DIAL) technology has played a critical role in obtaining range-resolved ozone profiles in the atmosphere. In this proposal, we aim to design and build a compact, robust, reliable, efficient, anti-vibrational, and easy-to-maintain stratospheric ozone Lidar with AdValue Photonics’ unique single frequency tunable UV lasers at 308 nm and 355 nm based on all-fiberized master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA). The proposed Lidar will have the advantage of being suitable to various observational platforms with harsh environment and limited resources.

 

The 308 nm laser will be generated from the frequency mixing of 515 nm and 768 nm laser, which are the second harmonic generation of 1030 nm and 1535 nm laser, respectively. The 355 nm laser will be generated from the third harmonic from AdValue Photonics’ 1064 nm IR laser. The amplification of the above-mentioned 1030 nm, 1535 nm, and 1064 nm lasers will utilize AdValue Photonics’ proprietary silicate glass high peak power large mode field diameter (MFD) ytterbium (Yb) and erbium (Er) doped fiber amplifiers. Subsequently, we aim to implement an ozone lidar with such fiber-based light sources and obtain preliminary observation data. In Phase I of this SBIR project, we will focus on obtaining ozone observations at nighttime. It is well known that solar background radiation can cause Lidars to have low signal to noise ratio (SNR) at daytime. In Phase II, we plan to boost the power levels of the Lidar Transmitter, and possibly integrate etalons and interference filters in the Lidar Receiver to suppress the solar background to eventually obtain reasonable SNRs in the daytime for ozone observations.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The proposed compact, robust, reliable, efficient, and anti-vibrational stratospheric ozone Lidars favors NASA’s intention to be able to detect ozone concentration in field observations on a variety of carrying platforms. It meets the standard of being small size, weight, and power (SWaP) so that it can survive harsh environment and consume limited resources.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The proposed ozone Lidar will greatly increase the temporal and spatial coverage of ozone observations for the better of the environment, the atmosphere, and the global climate. Such demands have progressively become higher from the public community.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.01-2397
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lidar Remote-Sensing Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Lightweight, non-mechanical, polarization-independent LiDAR beam steering system

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
BEAM Engineering for Advanced Measurements
          
   
Address:
          
1300 Lee Road, Orlando, FL 32810
          
   
Phone:
          
(407) 734-5222                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
David Roberts
          
   
E-mail:
          
david.roberts@beamco.com
          
   
Address:
          
1300 Lee Rd., FL 32810 - 5851
          
   
Phone:
          
(407) 734-5222                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Nelson Tabirian
          
   
E-mail:
          
nelson@beamco.com
          
   
Address:
          
1300 Lee Rd., FL 32810 - 5851
          
   
Phone:
          
(407) 734-5222                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

The purpose of this project is to develop techniques that make it possible to reduce the size and weight of non-mechanical LiDAR beam steering systems. Previous work has shown that LiDAR beam steering with diffractive components based on spatial modulation of geometrical phase is feasible and useful. Most previous work with this technology has concentrated on steering techniques that are polarization sensitive. Under the current project, these techniques will be extended to LiDAR beam steering that is polarization-insensitive. This would allow reduced weight and/or size of such steering systems because it would allow the LiDAR receiver to use all of the optical power returned from a target, rather than only returned radiation of one polarization. Since transitioning from a polarization-sensitive beam steering system to a polarization-insensitive beam steering system would require an increase in the number of optical substrates, the most weight benefit of such a transition would be gained if the substrate weight is minimized. Therefore, an analysis of options for lightweight optical substrates will be performed in order to make it possible to further reduce the weight of future LiDAR systems. Another related technical issue with non-mechanical beam steering is the switching speed among pointing directions. Additional system weight reduction may be possible if switching speed of the pointing system is increased beyond the speed of currently-available optical switches. Methods for leveraging recent developments in liquid crystal technology to increase switching speed will be analyzed, thereby enabling the use of higher pulse rates in LiDAR systems, which may further reduce the size and weight of these systems in some applications.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Compact, low SWaP, non-mechanical, hence, robust, LiDARs with reliable and fast data acquisition capability that meet requirements for a space landing vehicle could be used for other NASA missions including asteroid flybys, swarms of cubesats, etc. due to higher precision guidance and navigation systems. An additional potential application of this technology is to transceiver steering for free-space optical communications systems.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Numerous non-NASA applications include autonomous navigation systems for cars, drones, and robots, and commercial free-space optical communications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.02-1331
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Active Microwave Remote Sensing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Rydberg Sensor Laser

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Opto-Atomics Corp.
          
   
Address:
          
1891 North Gaffey Street, Suite 223, San Pedro, CA 90731
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jae Choi
          
   
E-mail:
          
jchoi@opto-atomics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1891 N Gaffey St, Ste 223, CA 90731 - 1270
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jae Choi
          
   
E-mail:
          
jchoi@opto-atomics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1891 N Gaffey St, Ste 223, CA 90731 - 1270
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Over the past decade, the Rydberg atom-based RF/microwave sensing technology has emerged as a promising sensing solution for a radar/radio receiver. In the Rydberg-atom-based sensing,  highly excited (“Rydberg”) atoms are utilized as antennas, which allows sensitive and SI-traceable detection of RF/microwave fields over a wide frequency range (1 MHz to ~100 GHz) with a single probe. However, one of the major hurdles to wide applications and field deployment of the quantum radar/radio technology is its size, weight, and power (SWaP), mostly from its system overhead (e.g., laser subsystem). In particular, the coupling laser driving the “upper” atomic transition in a two-photon excitation scheme of Rydberg atoms is not well-suited for field applications due to its SWaP and vulnerability to environmental perturbations. Furthermore, coupling lasers do not have a compact frequency reference for laser stabilization.

 

To address the need, Opto-Atomics Corp. (OAC) proposes to develop a Rydberg Sensor Laser (RySL), which will provide a high-power (> 0.5 W), tunable (range > 3 nm) coupling-laser output. One of the main advantages of RySL is that its output is stabilized to a built-in frequency standard, thereby allowing reliable electrometry operation with long-term stability. In addition, RySL design significantly reduces free-space optical components, making the system more compact, reliable, and less sensitive to misalignment and environmental disturbances. In Phase I, OAC will design and assemble key system components of RySL, evaluate their performance, and perform feasibility demonstrations. We will also conduct a preliminary design of the fully-packaged RySL system for future development.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

In the remote sensing of Earth’s surface topography and vegetation, RF/microwave sensing over a wide radio spectral range with high sensitivity may allow enhanced characterization of the surface conditions. Other than the target NASA application in microwave sensing, Rydberg sensors can be adopted in other NASA applications such as RF-field metrology (characterization and calibration), RF communication, nondestructive inspection, characterization of blackbody radiation, and others.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

RF/microwave fields are heavily utilized in many commercial and military applications. For example, a scanned array radar made of Rydberg sensors can provide a performance breakthrough in radar technologies, which will be extremely useful in many military applications. Rydberg atom-based RF/microwave sensors can also be highly useful in industrial applications using RF/microwave.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.02-2261
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Active Microwave Remote Sensing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Ultra-Efficient UHF Band Power Amplifiers

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Recon RF, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
9235 Activity Road, Suite 105, San Diego, CA 92126
          
   
Phone:
          
(858) 886-7686                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Nick Chopra
          
   
E-mail:
          
Nick.Chopra@ReconRF.com
          
   
Address:
          
9235 Activity Road, Suite 105, CA 92126 - 4440
          
   
Phone:
          
(619) 732-6621                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jeffrey Ritter
          
   
E-mail:
          
Jef.Ritter@ReconRF.com
          
   
Address:
          
9235 Activity Road, Suite 105, CA 92126 - 4440
          
   
Phone:
          
(916) 200-6742                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):
In support of NASA’s Ecosystems SAR (EcoSAR) Mission, which is to enable unprecedented two- and three-dimensional fine scale measurements of terrestrial ecosystem and biomass, this project will develop a state-of-the-art (SOA) UHF Band monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) Power-Amplifier for the EcoSAR instrument’s 32 radar electronics units. This project will significantly advance Power Added Efficiency beyond present day commercial off the shelf offerings operating on the UHF Band, and specifically 335-535 MHz, achieving a TRL 3-4 MMIC power amplifier with over 25 Watts output power, power added efficiency (PAE) of greater than 70%, and power gain of over 35 dB with less than 1 dB gain flatness over the band; consistent with the requirements of EcoSAR. This UHF-band GaN MMIC SSPA performance will be at the very forefront of present-day technology. The efficiency advantages resulting from this project’s custom developed >70% PAE UHF MMIC 25-watt power amplifiers will be multiplied across 32 polarimetric (dual) transmit/receive (T/R) modules which reside inside the aircraft fuselage within a radar electronics unit (REU).
          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The proposed UHF MMIC capable of PAE >70% will enhance NASA's communication and navigation for SWaP-C conscious applications such as:

  • NASA Mission/Program: Ecosystems SAR (EcoSAR)
  • Electra UHF Navigation Package
  • Mars Perseverance Rover
  • Mars Curiosity Rover
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Non-NASA commercial and DOD applications stand to benefit from Recon-RF's advancements in UHF MMIC technology, such as:

  • Tactical Radio (Ground, Shipborne, Handheld)
  • FirstNet Network
  • Commercial 5G New Radio FR1
  • UHF Air Traffic Control and Wind Profile Radar
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.03-1175
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Passive Microwave Remote Sensing
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Ultra-low-loss Millimeter-Wave Holographic Antennas for CubeSat Remote Sensing

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Astrabeam LLC
          
   
Address:
          
21 Berkeley Lane, Scarsdale, NY 10583
          
   
Phone:
          
(914) 222-1149                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Kevin Gu
          
   
E-mail:
          
kgu@astrabeam.com
          
   
Address:
          
21 Berkeley Ln, NY 10583 - 2403
          
   
Phone:
          
(914) 222-1149                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Kevin Gu
          
   
E-mail:
          
kgu@astrabeam.com
          
   
Address:
          
21 Berkeley Ln, NY 10583 - 2403
          
   
Phone:
          
(914) 222-1149                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

The NASA Science Mission Directorate has a critical need for advanced deployable antenna apertures operating at millimeter-wave frequencies from CubeSat platforms. This proposal is to fulfill the technology gap and develop a novel type of ultra-low-loss millimeter-wave metasurface holographic antennas to support a wide range of passive remote sensing applications beyond Ka-band up to 200 GHz. Enabled by a breakthrough dielectric substrate material that is electrically low-loss, thermally high-conductive, and mechanically robust, the proposed holographic antennas will be designed, synthesized, and verified including CubeSat platform effects. Mechanical feasibility, radiometer system architectures, integration with antenna feeds, and fabrication flow will be studied and evaluated in the project. The Phase 1 project goal is to demonstrate the design concept of compact-size, deployable, low-profile, lightweight, easy-to-fabricate and high-performance metasurface antennas, which are also cost-effective and can be an excellent fit for NASA remote sensing and other commercial wireless applications.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

NASA Science Mission Directorate missions can greatly benefit from adopting and integrating the proposed millimeter-wave metasurface holographic antennas on CubeSat platform for remote sensing applications including weather forecasting, oceanography, ozone, soil moisture measurements, and astrochemistry. The unique attributes (low profile, light weight, ultra-low-loss, easy-to-fabricate) make it an excellent technology to enable cost-effective high-performance antennas beyond Ka-band for CubeSat applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The technology developed in this Phase 1 project can be adopted as a critical antenna solution to support the increasing demand for high-capacity, high-speed point-to-point wireless backhaul communication, for example, operating at FCC designated D-band to enable beyond 5G (B5G) and 6G high-throughput links in dense urban environments. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.04-1934
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Combining InP and SiGe Technologies for Low Noise, Low Power Cryogenic Amplifiers suitable for Radio Astronomy Arrays and Quantum Applcations.

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Cosmic Microwave Technology, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
15711 Condon Avenue, Suite A3, Lawndale, CA 90260
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 456-7744                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Stephen Smith
          
   
E-mail:
          
steve@cosmicmicrotech.com
          
   
Address:
          
15711 Condon Ave A3, CA 90260 - 2577
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 456-7744                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ms. Denise L Smith
          
   
E-mail:
          
denise@cosmicmicrotech.com
          
   
Address:
          
15711 Condon Avenue, Suite A3, CA 90260 - 2577
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 456-7722                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Future earth science and planetary science missions will require large pixels, highly sensitive radio astronomy receiver arrays.  Recent breakthroughs in detector technology are leading this growth.  To achieve the required sensitivities, the large number of pixels (thousands) in a receiver requires low noise, low power cryogenic amplifier arrays.  Lower noise amplifiers result in higher sensitivity arrays.  The capacity of cryogenic coolers is limited, requiring amplifiers to have a low power dissipation.  Producing cryogenic amplifiers that has both low noise and low power is difficult.  Today, cryogenic amplifiers are manufactured using either Indium Phosphide (InP) HEMT devices or Silicon Germanium (SiGe) BJTs.  Amplifiers based on InP technology have noise temperatures as low as 1.5K with a power dissipation of 10 mW.  SiGe based amplifiers have noise temperatures of 3-4K with a power dissipation of 300 uW. The noise temperature of an amplifier is primarily set by the first stage.  The subsequent stages contribute very little to the noise of the amplifier.  Therefore, combining InP and SiGe will result in the ultimate low noise, low power cryogenic amplifier.  The ideal amplifier will have a InP first stage for low noise and a SiGe 2nd and 3rd stage for low power.  The InP stage will be a discrete design for optimum performance.  The SiGe stages will be MMIC based design for ease of manufacturing and low cost.  Combining these two technologies will result in an amplifier with 2K or less noise with a power dissipation of 500uW or less.  Imagine an antenna array of 1028 elements that has a power dissipation of 514 mW.   This performance is possible with this innovation. Phase 1 will result in a design of a low noise, low power amplifier based on both theoretical and empirical measurements

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The 2020 Decadal Review recommended increased funding levels for several of NASA’s future missions.  The Origins Space Telescope, Lynx Telescope, IR imagers and polarimeters are included in the recommendations.  Low-cost infrared detector arrays for space and ground radio astronomy receivers are currently available.  These detectors require a low noise, low power cryogenic amplifier.   These instruments will greatly benefit from a low power, low noise amplifier array.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Several companies (Google, Microsoft, IBM etc) are developing Quantum Computers (QC).  The quantum processors operate at milli-Kelvin temperatures.   Extremely low noise cryogenic amplifiers operating in the 4-8 GHz band are required. A Quantum Computer with 1 million Qbits will require 100K cryogenic amplifiers.  A low noise, low power cryogenic amplifier will allow QC to become a reality.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.04-2023
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Adaptive Thermal Infrared Band ROIC for Planetary Science Missions

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
SAAZ Micro Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
800 Calle Plano, Camarillo, CA 93012
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 297-8128                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Atul Joshi
          
   
E-mail:
          
atul@saaztechnology.com
          
   
Address:
          
94 Via Ricardo, CA 91320 - 7002
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 405-0700                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Atul Joshi
          
   
E-mail:
          
atul@saaztechnology.com
          
   
Address:
          
94 Via Ricardo, CA 91320 - 7002
          
   
Phone:
          
(805) 405-0700                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Electro-Optical and Infrared (EO/IR) detectors sensing in the 400nm to 13 micron waveband are extensively employed in planetary science space instruments. These detectors can be divided into two distinctive subgroups, namely the visible through shortwave infrared (SWIR) band detectors (400nm – 2500nm), and the mid-wave infrared (MWIR – 3um to 5um) and long-wave infrared (LWIR 8um – 13um) thermal bands detectors. Each of these two categories requires a readout integrated circuit (ROIC) optimized for the specific subgroup to efficiently multiplex and readout the photocurrent from the photodiodes. 

 

The first ROIC type optimized for shorter wavelength bands needs to have the following characteristics:

  1. Smaller pixel pitch (near 10um) optimized for Nyquist spatial sensing of shorter wavelengths.
  2. High gain (smaller well size) to provide good SNR for low flux sensing since these bands have lower irradiance and typically use a narrower bandwidth filter. 

The second ROIC type optimized for longer thermal wavelength bands needs to have the following characteristics:

  1. Larger pixel pitch (near 20-25um) to match the blur spot size for Nyquist sampling of longer wavelengths.
  2. Lower gain (large well size) to provide good SNR for high flux sensing since these bands have higher irradiance and typically use a wider bandwidth filter.

There is an established need to develop a novel ROIC for thermal bands being used for planetary science. Our team has extensive space mission experience to provide NASA with an optimal solution. The proposed ROIC will provide the desired high well capacity, a high frame rate, a large format, space qualifiable design, while simultaneously keeping the cold space power very low. Such as ROIC will be suitable  for all typical detector types used for these bands, such as (but not limited to) quantum well IR photodetectors (QWIP), HgCdTe (MCT), and strained-layer superlattices (SLS). 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

. Some of the key NASA applications being addressed by this technology include:

  • Landsat upgrade
  • Utilizing in SBG type of science missions
  • Any NASA planetary science mission requiring MWIR or LWIR bands
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Some of the key non-NASA applications being addressed by this technology include:

  • Overhead Persistent IR (OPIR) space system platforms for DoD
  • “New Space” commercial payloads 
  • Other agency missions, e.g., ISRO missions such as Cartosat and Resourcesat upgrades
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.04-2312
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Sensor and Detector Technologies for Visible, Infrared (IR), Far-IR, and Submillimeter
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Scalable Data Acquisition System for MKID Detectors

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Alphacore, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, Tempe, AZ 85288
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 494-5618                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Phaneendra Bikkina
          
   
E-mail:
          
engineering@alphacoreinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, AZ 85288 - 3052
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 321-6758                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Esko Mikkola
          
   
E-mail:
          
esko.mikkola@alphacoreinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, AZ 85288 - 3052
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 647-4445                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Alphacore will develop a low cost, radiation-hardened Scalable Data Acquisition System (SDAS) based on an innovative application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKIDs). The proposed SDAS ASIC will have 4-8 channels for 14-bit accurate Analog to Digital Conversion (ADC) and Digital to Analog Conversion (DAC, for carrier tone generation) with each channel handling >4GHz of bandwidth (instantaneous bandwidth of > 8GHz at 4GS/s per ASIC and tunable bandwidth range of 16GHz) while consuming less than 40 mW per detector readout chain. The SDAS will also have a low power I/O (input/output) user interface with a programmable LVDS. The SDAS ASIC will have several programmable operation modes, with bandwidths of operation of more than 4GHz. In addition, the SDAS will also include flexible intermediate frequency (IF) electronics with a loopback mode for IQ autocalibration and dynamic range measurements. The combination of the digital signal processing and integrated I/O and flexible IF electronics will enable it to serve many millimeter to sub-millimeter-wave experiments.

Alphacore’s proposed ultra-low power, rad-hard SDAS system will provide exceptional value to NASA by delivering a combination of performance, robustness, and flexibility with the minimum size, weight and power (SWaP). Alphacore’s SDAS will include a high-performance DDS (Direct Digital Synthesizer), an integral part of any KID array readout system needed to provide the gigahertz stimulus to the detectors. Alphacore’s key innovations include 1) silicon proven innovative calibration methodologies for ADCs operating in harsh (radiation) environments, 2) small area, ultra-low power polyphase filter bank using re-quantization technique,  3) Low power programmable-eye-LVDS based SERDES, and 4) silicon proven ultra-low power all-digital DDS.  Alphacore’s existing circuit blocks can be leveraged in this work to mitigate risk in designing a complex high-performance ASIC.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Alphacore's Rad-Hard, Low-Power SDAS ASIC for MKID/TES detectors will support NASA radiometer microwave sensors for a wide range of Earth observation applications and future missions described in decadal surveys. The developed ASIC can be easily scaled to support larger kinetic inductance detector arrays. The SDAS ASIC can be used in instrument upgrades on NASA’s current millimeter-wave and submillimeter-wave balloon programs such as EXCLAIM and TIM, and future proposed missions PICO (CMB probe mission) and the Origins Space Telescope (OST).

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Non-NASA applications for this technology include scientific experiments, such as future cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments, axion searches and weakly interreacting massive particle searches. On the commercial side, SDAS can support readout for large array MKIDs used to provide visibility through degraded visual environments such as dense fog in many applications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S11.05-1627
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Suborbital Instruments and Sensor Systems for Earth Science Measurements
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 The Airborne Multiangle Aerosol Size Spectrometer: A next generation aerosol probe

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
CloudSci, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
907 Columbia Road, Fort Collins, CO 80525
          
   
Phone:
          
(608) 220-0844                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Matt Freer
          
   
E-mail:
          
mfreer@cloudsci.io
          
   
Address:
          
907 Columbia Rd, CO 80525 - 1838
          
   
Phone:
          
(608) 220-0844                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Gavin McMeeking
          
   
E-mail:
          
gavin@cloudsci.io
          
   
Address:
          
5202 Keystone Creek Court, CO 80528 - 0000
          
   
Phone:
          
(970) 310-5186                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Atmospheric aerosol have important impacts on climate and air quality and affect efforts to retrieve information regarding the Earth’s surface, including oceans. Airborne measurements of aerosol size are critical to understanding physical drivers over time and space, and to validate satellite and other remotely sensed observations. The current state of the art instrument for measuring aerosol size on aircraft is now almost 50 years old, and a replacement is badly needed. We propose development of a next-generation aerosol probe that leverages two scattering measurement techniques to reduce uncertainties -- the Airborne Multiangle Aerosol Size Spectrometer. Integrated side scattering provides sizing information for submicron particles and small angle light scattering provides sizing information for supermicron particles. In this project, we will also determine if the complementary techniques can provide additional information regarding particle shape and refractive index. The goal is to provide a near aircraft ready prototype instrument capable of supporting aerosol measurement requirements for the next decade, integrating modern flow control, electronics, and data processing/output capabilities.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The airborne probe would be core measurement instrumentation for suborbital aircraft campaigns examining air quality, climate, and aircraft emissions, and satellite validation. Specific missions with relevance include PACE Satellite mission (ocean biology, aerosols, clouds), the upcoming ACCP Mission (aerosols, clouds, convection, precipitation), TEMPO (geostationary air quality observations), and CAMP2Ex (tropical meteorology and aerosol science).

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

A next-generation aerosol sizing probe would be a core component on research aircraft operated by other US and non-US agencies, including DOE, NCAR, NOAA, DLR (Germany), FAAM (UK), and SAFIRE (France). The optical technology at the heart of the probe could be adapted for ground/laboratory use, opening more applications: air quality monitoring, clean room monitoring, and academic aerosol research.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.01-1988
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Exoplanet Detection and Characterization Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Radiation Resistance Enhanced Class AB Amplifiers for Space Coronagraphic Instruments

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Sunlite Science & Technology, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
4811 Quail Crest Place, Lawrence, KS 66049
          
   
Phone:
          
(785) 856-0219                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Haijiang Ou
          
   
E-mail:
          
eddieo@sunlitest.com
          
   
Address:
          
4811 Quail Crest Place, KS 66049 - 3839
          
   
Phone:
          
(785) 856-0219                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Jeff Chen
          
   
E-mail:
          
jeffc@sunlitest.com
          
   
Address:
          
4811 Quail Crest Place, KS 66049 - 3839
          
   
Phone:
          
(785) 856-0219                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Space electronics must have certain radiation hardness to meet a mission’s life span. In addition, the size, weight, and power (SWaP) are usually constrained. This project aims at developing a radiation harden class AB high-voltage (HV) amplifier-array integrated circuit (IC) that will be an ideal component to be selected to build a miniaturized deformable mirror (DM) driver for a space coronagraphic instrument (CGI). Class AB operation will ensure low-static dissipation and high driving efficiency, which will make it feasible to integrate over 100 HV amplifiers in a single chip. To enhance radiation resistance, the following measurements will be taken for prototyping a proposed IC; 1) both low- and high-voltage bipolar transistors are the first favored selection, 2) MOS transistors featuring thin gate oxide layers are preferred, 3) transistors with much higher than required voltage-ratings are the another preferred selection, 4) layout techniques for improving radiation resistance, 5) a bias for ensured class AB operation will provide an additional performance adjustment, and 6) hermetic IC package will provide an additional radiation shielding. By the end of the Phase I, HV amplifiers configured with bipolar transistors will be evaluated at gate level, and an IC containing 128 HV amplifiers will be fabricated for driving electrostrictive lead magnesium niobate (PMN) actuators. This IC that contains 650V MOS transistors for 100V operation, is served to evaluate the electrical performance for driving a PMN DM, and will be an important reference to design and fabricate radiation harden amplifier-array ICs in Phase II.  

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The to be developed HV amplifier array IC in Phase I can be used to build a miniaturized DM driver for testing CGIs in ground testbed. Further to be developed amplifier-array ICs featuring radiation harden will be an ideal component for coronagraphic instruments which will be included in NASA’s space missions such as Roman Space Telescope, HabEx and LUVOIR.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The to be developed HV amplifier array IC will be a potential candidate to be selected for  building a DM driver in an adaptive optics system where the size, weight, power, and radiation resistance are a concern. Such systems include but be not limited to space-based optical communication.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.03-1142
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical to Mid/Far-Infrared Telescopes
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Cellular Optimization of Additively Produced Mirror Substrates for In-space Imaging

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, Miamisburg, OH 45342
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
James Davidson
          
   
E-mail:
          
davidsonjm@crgrp.com
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, OH 45342 - 6411
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Emily Frake
          
   
E-mail:
          
frakeea@crgrp.com
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, OH 45342 - 6411
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Cornerstone Research Group (CRG) will develop add-on capability for an existing in-house design tool for generation of lightweight telescope mirror substrates with optimized stiffness, mitigation of disrupting vibrational modes, and consideration of the thermal environment. Leveraging the production capabilities offered by additive manufacturing technologies and materials, CRG will establish a computational design process specifically suited for optical substrates. By performing topology optimization of conformal lattice structures, the overall mass can be significantly reduced while also driving the design to geometries exhibiting vibration damping by taking advantage of unique design methodologies. During Phase I, CRG will add objectives and constraints specifically for mirror substrate design based on identified requirements. Prototype structures will be fabricated using additive manufacturing and experimentally evaluated and compared to traditionally designed structures.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

•    Telescopes addressing COR, ExEP, and PCOS program missions

•    Monolithic and segmented mirror substrates for in-space telescopes

•    Lightweight telescope structures supporting enhanced stability

•    Launch and propulsion structures requiring vibration mitigation

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

•    In-space laser communication assemblies

•    Automotive and transportation structures design

•    Unified structural and thermal heat exchangers

 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.03-1272
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical to Mid/Far-Infrared Telescopes
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Metalens Near InfraRed Telescope

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Relative Dynamics, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
14400 Sweitzer Lane Suite 125, Laurel, MD 20707
          
   
Phone:
          
(240) 241-4721                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Michael Krainak
          
   
E-mail:
          
michael@relativedynamicsinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
14400 Sweitzer Lane Ste 125, MD 20707 - 2924
          
   
Phone:
          
(301) 655-0065                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Kush Patel
          
   
E-mail:
          
Kush.Patel@Relative-Dynamics.com
          
   
Address:
          
4601 Golden Triangle Drive, STE 201, MD 20770 - 3209
          
   
Phone:
          
(301) 335-0491                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

NASA needs system technology solutions that enable or enhance telescopes for missions of any size (from balloon or CubeSat to Probe or Flagship) operating at any wavelength from UV/optical to mid/far-infrared. Relative Dynamics Inc. proposes the Metalens Near InfraRed Telescope (MeNIRT) solution. RDI will design and analyze the overall telescope system.  The telescope system is the optics (lens and metalens) and a carbon fiber/metal hybrid opto-mechanical structure. Metalenses are flat lenses that use metasurfaces to focus light. The metasurfaces are a series of artificial antennae that manipulate the optical response of the incident light, including its amplitude phase and polarization. Metasurfaces have provided a new approach to recasting optical components into flat devices without performance deterioration. Carbon fiber composites have high stiffness, high tensile strength, low weight, high chemical resistance, high temperature tolerance and low thermal expansion. RDI will investigate two methods for engineering the CTE 1) adjusting the chemical composition of the carbon fiber and the resin 2) adjusting the direction of the carbon fiber laying. 

  • MeNIRT provides a lightweight telescope that greatly eases mass limitations with a path to optical to mid-IR diffraction-limited performance over the wide temperature range.  Using flat optics and athermalized continuous carbon fiber telescope structure greatly reduces coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) limitations and gravity sag.
  • Using flat on-axis optics, MeNIRT does not have a telescope central obscuration. The Metalens is manufactured for mass production using standard silicon lithography.  The new commercial design tools for silicon flat optics in combination with the continuous carbon fiber structure provide a straight-forward method for design, manufacture, and test.
  • MeNIRT provides a path to flat optics and athermal telescopes for science missions with wavelengths from the ultraviolet to the far-infrared.

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Metalenses are potentially revolutionary in optical imaging due to their flat nature and compact size, multispectral acquisition and even off-axis focusing. Metalenses can be used in many NASA science missions (e.g., cameras, spectroscopy from UV to microwave, lidars) and spacecraft technologies using optics (e.g., star trackers, optical communication and navigation). Near-term NASA applications are IR, MIR and NIR optical systems for large spacecraft and UV to microwave systems for CubeSat and small satellite optical systems. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

$10 billion+ market with applications in machine vision, robotics, and industrial systems. Government and commercial imaging satellite optics. Future high volume applications include cellphone camera modules, wearable displays for augmented and virtual reality, machine vision, automotive and security cameras. Start-up companies: Tunoptix:  https://www.tunoptix.com/; Metalenz: https://metalenz.com/

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.03-2442
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Advanced Optical Systems and Fabrication/Testing/Control Technologies for Extended-Ultraviolet/Optical to Mid/Far-Infrared Telescopes
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Improved Computer Generated Holograms for Testing Aspheric and Freeform Optics

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Soter Technology, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
907 Octorora Place NE, Leesburg, VA 20176
          
   
Phone:
          
(571) 748-4016                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
David Strafford
          
   
E-mail:
          
David.Strafford.Lists@SoterTechnology.com
          
   
Address:
          
907 Octorora Place NE, VA 20176 - 6654
          
   
Phone:
          
(571) 748-4016                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Diana Strafford
          
   
E-mail:
          
Diana.Strafford@SoterTechnology.com
          
   
Address:
          
907 Octorora Place NE, VA 20176 - 6654
          
   
Phone:
          
(571) 748-4016                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

The most practical industrial method for measuring aspheric and free-form parts includes the use of Computer-Generated Holograms, diffractive elements that approximate the ideal method of using Kinoform surfaces. Computer Generated Holograms approximate Kinoforms by using binary diffraction maps, however this approximation leads to errors bleeding into the ideal fringe map when using a CGH for aspheric correction. Traditionally these errors are removed by using processes that decrease aspheric correction capability and increase alignment difficulty, and thus time. We propose a method that would allow us to use Computer Generated Holograms with lower required resolutions than the traditional Computer Generated Hologram test methods. This would decrease the alignment times, and increase the possible aspheric departure of the parts under test, decrease costs and increase capability. The outcome of this will decrease the time and cost of producing aspheric optics, and increase the availability of higher departure aspheric and free-form optics which require even more specialized testing equipment, reducing their cost up to the limits of the CGH. Our plan is to extend analytical simulations of an improved CGH, print a CGH to test the effectiveness of this method, and compare the results to traditional methods for CGH correction.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

NASA has displayed continued interest in large, highly aspheric and free-form mirrors and lenses, and a method to test more aspheric surfaces while also decreasing alignment costs would be highly advantageous to the manufacturing of these surfaces.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

CGHs are a key technology for testing aspheric and free-form optics. This method would provide the industry with an easier method for measuring aspheric surfaces, at lower cost, and providing the capability to measure more challenging aspheres and free-forms. This will assist NASA programs, DoD programs, IC programs, and the US commercial earth observing satellite market.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.04-2561
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 X-Ray Mirror Systems Technology, Coating Technology for X-Ray-UV-OIR, and Free-Form Optics
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Wideband Inorganic Freeform Optics

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Nanovox, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
15985 Northwest Schendel Avenue, Suite 201, Beaverton, OR 97006
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 703-3260                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Hooman Akhavan
          
   
E-mail:
          
proposals@nano-vox.com
          
   
Address:
          
15985 NW Schendel, Suite 201, OR 97006 - 6703
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 703-3260                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
George Williams
          
   
E-mail:
          
proposals@nano-vox.com
          
   
Address:
          
15985 NW Schendel Avenue, Suite 201, OR 97006 - 6703
          
   
Phone:
          
(503) 703-3260                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

To address the need for smaller, lighter, and less expensive optics for NASA instruments, a novel optical technology platform based on using additive manufacturing (AM) of custom-engineered nanocomposite materials will be demonstrated. It will be shown that custom optical materials with precise index and dispersion values that can be used to fabricate aberration-free freeform gradient index (GRIN) optics, allowing for the creation of compact optical systems with fewer optical elements to be realized in the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared spectral regions.   

The ability to synthesize and deposit composite blends of optical feedstock with precise optical properties, and the drying and densification processes will be demonstrated. The goal is to create fully inorganic freeform GRIN optics with the precise optical properties required for NASA instruments. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Applications  include space exploration, remote sensing, astronomy, and Earth observation. In space exploration, they improve the performance of telescopes, spectrometers, and cameras. In remote sensing, they enhance the accuracy of measurements for atmospheric, land, and ocean studies. In astronomy, they enable high-resolution imaging and spectroscopy of distant objects. In Earth observation, they improve imaging and sensing capabilities for monitoring natural resources, climate change, and environmental hazards. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Markets for compact optics with reduced aberrations include consumer electronics, such as smartphones and augmented reality headsets, as well as medical devices for diagnostic and surgical applications, industrial inspection systems, metrology, and high-resolution microscopy, and  in autonomous vehicles, LiDAR systems, and aerospace industries. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S12.06-1036
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Detector Technologies for Ultraviolet (UV), X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instruments
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Superconducting Magnetic Shielding Using Additive Manufacturing

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Applied Nanotech, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
8200 Cameron Road, Suite B160, Austin, TX 78754
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 339-5020                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Richard Fink
          
   
E-mail:
          
dfink@appliednanotech.net
          
   
Address:
          
8200 Cameron Road, Ste. B160, TX 78754 - 3832
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 339-5020                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ms. Jacque Soptick
          
   
E-mail:
          
jsoptick@appliednanotech.net
          
   
Address:
          
8200 Cameron Road, Suite B160, TX 78754 - 3832
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 339-5020                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Transition edge sensors (TES) used in microcalorimeter arrays for X-ray photon detection are inherently susceptible to variations in the magnitude of magnetic fields since their detection principle is based on the transition between the normal and superconducting states.  Optimal performance require efficient magnetic shielding to provide a low magnetic field environment.  Bergen et al. provide magnetic field specifications with respect to SPON TES arrays.  These specifications may become even more stringent for larger arrays. Current superconducting shield often consists of a superconducting cup arrangement as is the case proposed for the Lynx X-ray Microcalorimeter. Although this design reduces the number of joints, it is limited to the forming process and thereby the size and complexity of the shape that can be realized. Novel concepts for improving superconducting magnetic shielding such as superconducting inks or additive manufacturing are of interest for detector focal planes with challenging shielding geometries and other requirements.  Novel concepts for improving superconducting magnetic shielding such as superconducting inks or additive manufacturing are of interest for detector focal planes with challenging shielding geometries and other requirements. Applied Nanotech proposes to use additive manufacturing (AM) for producing magnetic shields for shielding large and challenging shielding geometries. Our approach will be to apply a superconducting layer onto a substrate material such as amumetal, aluminum or polyimide (e.g. Kapton®).

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Currently, NASA needs advanced detector technologies in the UV through to gamma-ray for applications in astrophysics, earth science, heliophysics, and planetary science. Supporting technologies that would help enable the x-ray Surveyor mission requires the development of x-ray microcalorimeter arrays with much larger field of view, ~105 to 106 pixels, of pitch ~25 to 100 μm, and ways to read out the signals. Modular superconducting magnetic shielding is sought that can be extended to enclose a full-scale focal plane array.  

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Indium ink will have other applications beyond superconductivity and magnetic shielding. Indium-based inks developed for superconducting applications will also be useful as a solder and interconnects for high density, hybrid electronics packaging, for both superconducting and non-superconducting packaging applications. Quantum Computing applications are also being developed.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.01-1783
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Robotic Mobility, Manipulation and Sampling
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Vertical Motion Control System for Cryobots

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Stone Aerospace, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
3511 Caldwell Lane, Del Valle, TX 78617
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 529-9778                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
William Stone
          
   
E-mail:
          
billstone@stoneaerospace.com
          
   
Address:
          
3511 Caldwell Lane, TX 78617 - 3017
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 534-8759                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Victoria Siegel
          
   
E-mail:
          
vickie.siegel@stoneaerospace.com
          
   
Address:
          
3511 Caldwell Lane, TX 78617 - 3017
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 619-1737                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

This proposal responds to NASA SBIR 2023 Focus Area 4: Robotic Systems for Space Exploration. The subtopic S13.01 describes a need for technologies that provide improved robotic mobility for ocean world deep ice drilling and sub-ice ocean access. In particular, the need for innovations concerning “tethers and tether play-out and retrieval systems” are mentioned, as are component technologies for subsurface ocean access systems for ocean worlds like Europa and Enceladus. We propose to develop a Vertical Motion Control System (VMCS) which will pay out, and when needed spool in, an onboard tether from an ice penetrating robot (cryobot) on an ocean world. Ocean worlds remain of critical interest for astrobiology, however these off-world bodies of water are difficult to access as they lie below kilometers of ice. Any cryobot mission runs the risk of premature termination if the vehicle encounters an open void, water-filled cavity, or sub-surface ocean due to uncontrolled free fall of the vehicle. A VCMS is a means of proactively controlling the cryobot's descent. This will be of particular utility at the ice-ocean interface where the cryobot can convert to a defacto instrumented sonde for depth-registered characterization of the subsurface ocean. There are further advantages to a VCMS being bi-directional, the most obvious use of which would be to retreat upward through the ice column in the event that an impassable object is encountered and to then use steering hot water jets. This proposal addresses robotic mobility and access to sampling by offering a solution to one of the critical hurdles for cryobots capable of melt-penetration deep drilling of ice on Europa or Enceladus. We are proposing a VMCS consisting of a parallel-axis spooler, and a levelwind system, sized for a 1.6-mm-diameter Vectran tether (tensile strength: 4,315 N). For a 15-km mission, this spooler is 54 cm long. This design can be modified for shorter or longer tether lengths as needed.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The Vertical Motion Control System an enables robotic exploration missions on icy ocean worlds. Any ice-penetrating cryobot mission in a thick ice shell risks free fall and subsequent mission failure if the vehicle encounters an open void, water-filled cavity, or sub-surface ocean. The VMCS will proactively control the vehicle descent speed and mitigate these hazards. The VMCS could also enable a robotic explorer to descend into and ascend out of fissures on Enceladus, or a robot that “rappels” into cave skylight openings on Mars or the Moon.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The VMCS can be built into scientific instrumentation and sampling packages to enable onboard, load bearing tether spooling and make possible deployment through or operation within physically-constrained environments such as ice boreholes. Mobile robotics that employ strength and/or data tethers such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicles, Remotely Operated Vehicles, and aerial drones may also benefit.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.01-2632
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Robotic Mobility, Manipulation and Sampling
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Multipurpose Agile Range Mapping and Optical Surface Examination Tool (MARMOSET)

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
LambdaMetrics
          
   
Address:
          
71 Benthaven Place, Boulder, CO 80305
          
   
Phone:
          
(720) 663-8742                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Daniel Feldkhun
          
   
E-mail:
          
delf@lambdametrics.com
          
   
Address:
          
71 Benthaven Pl, CO 80305 - 6255
          
   
Phone:
          
(720) 663-8742                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Daniel Feldkhun
          
   
E-mail:
          
accounts@lambdametrics.com
          
   
Address:
          
71 Benthaven Pl, CO 80305 - 6255
          
   
Phone:
          
(720) 663-8742                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

We propose to advance from TRL4 to TRL5-6 in Phase II a novel Multipurpose Agile Range Mapping and Optical Surface Examination Tool (MARMOSET) for lunar, Mars, and other planetary surface operations, including base camp construction, site surveying, sample and resource prospecting and acquisition, maintenance, in-situ manufacturing, and science tasks. MARMOSET evolved from two former NASA PIDDP efforts and a just-completed Phase I/II SBIR aimed at rover mobility and science operations on Mars. However, this technology is directly applicable to lunar and other planetary surface operations.

MARMOSET employs a novel agile laser pattern projector to acquire dense 3D point clouds with sub-mm resolution from up to 10m using structured illumination and a camera, or to measure range at up to 1M points simultaneously from up to 1km using encoded laser beams and a fast detector. In both modes, MARMOSET computes each point in parallel, works in darkness or daylight, and takes under 1s to acquire and process the data. MARMOSET uses robust space-proven components and acquires data without moving parts.

MARMOSET can acquire and process data internally, is networked, and is powered using a single low-voltage supply. Its modular architecture facilitates integration with various robotic platforms. It could be used as part of a rover's vision system, as an end effector, or even as a hand-held tool.

We developed a low-SWaP stand-alone commercial prototype that weighs under 2kg, fits on a camera tripod, and consumes ~20W of power, and used it to acquire and compute ~1M point clouds of nearby targets in well under a second. We have also made progress integrating the many-beam lidar mode.

During the Phase I and follow-on Phase II efforts we will extend ranging distance, implement robotics software framework interfaces, implement a rad-hard-compatible electronics design, fully integrate the lidar mode, and demonstrate MARMOSET operation on a test rover at JPL and at a lunar-analog field site.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

MARMOSET's many-beam range mapping could speed up autonomous surface traverses, sample site surveying, and in-situ resource identification on the Moon, Mars, and other orbiting bodies, while dense sub-100um resolution point clouds could enhance hazard assessment, end effector positioning, and surface inspection, or provide 3D data for in-situ manufacturing. Due to its low SWaP, MARMOSET could be used as an end effector, a handheld tool for lithology, or eventually, even an agile sensor for EDL, spacecraft proximity and asteroid operations.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Due to its low SWaP, dense point clouds, agility, parallel processing, dynamic range, and no moving parts, MARMOSET could lead to transformative solutions for many commercial applications in space and on Earth including surface inspection, robotic location, mapping, and object identification, aerial surveying, aircraft and spacecraft landing and docking systems, and autonomous vehicle navigation.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.01-2723
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Robotic Mobility, Manipulation and Sampling
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Radar Vision Systems for Enhanced Robotic Mobility, Precise Navigation, and Multi-Vehicle Coordination

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Aloft Sensing, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
464 Eberwhite Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48103
          
   
Phone:
          
(650) 505-5474                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Brian Pollard
          
   
E-mail:
          
brian.pollard@aloftsensing.com
          
   
Address:
          
464 Eberwhite Blvd, MI 48103 - 4712
          
   
Phone:
          
(734) 436-3176                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Lauren Wye
          
   
E-mail:
          
lauren.wye@aloftsensing.com
          
   
Address:
          
464 Eberwhite Blvd, MI 48103 - 4712
          
   
Phone:
          
(650) 505-5474                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Aloft Sensing Inc. (Aloft) proposes to adapt and establish the feasibility of our scalable Radar Vision Systems (RVS) for operation on solar system bodies. RVS consist of state-of-the-art multichannel mm-wave radars coupled with our patent-pending position, navigation, and timing algorithms (AloftPNT). Demonstrated through simulations and field experiments, these systems achieve both accurate self-contained navigation and high-resolution perception sensing.

 

Our navigation approach utilizes the radar signals themselves to achieve micon levels of relative positional accuracy and constrain the drift associated with onboard IMUs. This provides accurate navigation over long durations without external support infrastructure. 

 

The precision position updates further maximize radar coherence to enable high-performance imaging (centimetric resolutions) and advanced interferometrics (e.g., height profiles of obstacles), both from a single platform and across distributed platforms. The latter is achieved via AloftPNT’s intrinsic ability to establish precise relative positioning and timing between vehicles operating in coordination. 

 

Together, RVS’s navigation and sensing capabilities provide an effective tool for mobility of surface and aerial vehicles operating autonomously in new environments. Because RF signals easily penetrate dust and atmospheric percipatates that obscure other sensing modalities, they are particularly applicable to exploring planetary surfaces. 

To establish the feasibility of applying RVS to the planetary domain, Aloft proposes to 1) simulate AloftPNT performance in relevant scenarios, 2) adapt RVS and AloftPNT based on these simulations, 3) demonstrate operation with our mm-wave testbed, 4) update the hardware designs for the space environment, and 5) establish a Phase 2 implementation and test plan. The end result is an RVS architecture tailored specifically for robotic mobility on solar system bodies that is ready for further development on a Phase 2.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The Aloft radar vision system technologies demonstrated in this effort support improved mobility for all vehicles, including rovers and legged and airborne platforms for Lunar/planetary and small body exploration. RVS and AloftPNT can also provide accurate navigation for crewed and small uncrewed aerial systems that host sensors for collecting Earth science data in support of key NASA objectives. The mesh nature of Aloft’s innovations enable the coordination of swarms of vehicles which can transform robotic exploration in all domains.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Broader applications of Aloft radar vision system technologies include commercial robot mobility, assisted driving, and drone navigation. Scaled to larger platforms, RVS and AloftPNT allow airlines/aircraft to navigate effectively without the aid of GPS. The sensors developed in this effort are based on low-cost commercial technologies, allowing broad market adaptation.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.03-2143
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Extreme Environments Technology
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Wire-laser metal 3D printed bearings for extreme environments

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Multiscale Systems, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
49 Canterbury Street, Suite 500, Worcester, MA 01610
          
   
Phone:
          
(855) 955-7900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Arthur Evans
          
   
E-mail:
          
art@multiscalesystems.com
          
   
Address:
          
49 Canterbury Street, Suite 500, MA 01610 - 1703
          
   
Phone:
          
(855) 955-7900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Jesse Silverberg
          
   
E-mail:
          
js@multiscalesystems.com
          
   
Address:
          
49 Canterbury St, Suite 500, MA 01610 - 1703
          
   
Phone:
          
(855) 955-7900                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Exploring outer planets, their subsurface oceans, and Venus is crucial for understanding the origins of life and planetary evolution in our solar system. The scientific opportunity presented by these missions is challenged by extreme environmental conditions ranging from cryogenic temperatures to corrosive atmospheres. Survivability and mechanical failure are major concerns for operating in these harsh conditions.

Bearings are necessary for mobility, drilling, and sample manipulation during normal mission operation. Multiscale Systems will use wire laser metal (WLM) to 3D print bearings in a multi-material alloy, providing a reliable and repeatable manufacturing solution to meet the demanding requirements of missions operating in extreme environments. This approach to design and manufacturing offers the benefits of lightweighting, design complexity, and the ability to create alloy composites with high ductility, controllable thermal expansion, and corrosion resistance.

Other solutions are limited by cost, manufacturing difficulty, unreliable performance, weight, and a high risk of failure. WLM 3D printing overcomes these difficulties in a variety of ways.

In Phase I, the team proposes to focus on design, initial prototyping, and initial testing to validate the approach. Phase II will seek to mature the technology by testing in controlled environments that simulate the operating conditions. Phase III commercialization will focus on manufacturing the components to customer specifications.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The next three decades of solar system exploration offer the opportunity for missions to Venus, Callisto, Enceladus, Europa, Titan, etc. Temperatures on the surface of Europa are cryogenic (-220 °C), and involve exposure to large dosages of ionizing radiation. Venus, on the other hand, has a corrosive atmosphere, high temperatures (~500 °C), and high pressures (~90 atm). High performance bearings for extreme environments will be required for all of these missions to succeed.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

A market opportunity for high performance bearings and related components exists in the renewable energy sector, where NASA has overlapping requirements with the high-temperature corrosive environments of enhanced geothermal systems. The geothermal heat pump market is a potential entry point for commercialization.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.03-2774
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Extreme Environments Technology
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 High Energy Density Radiation Tolerant Capacitors for Cryogenic Temperature Applications

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Polycharge America, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
10960 North Stallard Place, Tucson, AZ 85737
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 575-8013                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Angelo Yializis
          
   
E-mail:
          
ayializis@polycharge.com
          
   
Address:
          
10960 N Stallard Pl, AZ 85737 - 9527
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 575-8013                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Christopher Hohmann
          
   
E-mail:
          
chohmann@polycharge.com
          
   
Address:
          
10960 N Stallard Pl, AZ 85737 - 9527
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 575-8013                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Two of the largest and critical components in virtually all NASA Power Processing Units (PPUs) of spacecraft, probes and landers, are energy buffer and DC-link capacitors, used to minimize ripple current, voltage fluctuations and transient suppression. Current capacitor technologies have severe performance limitations at cryogenic temperatures, especially when combined with exposure to radiation. The proposed development will address the evaluation of these two capacitor designs, using a disruptive solid-state, polymer capacitor technology, developed for PPUs of electric vehicles. NanoLam™ capacitors, are produced using a nanolaminate composite, that has 1000s of high temperature polymer dielectric layers. The capacitors are self-healing, they can handle high continuous and pulsed currents, and the nanothick polymer dielectric has high breakdown strength, which results in superior energy density and specific energy.  The capacitors are formed using 1-2Mrad of ionizing Beta radiation, and have high resistance to radiation exposure, as well as superior parametric stability with voltage and temperature in the range of -196oC to +200oC.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

NanoLam™ capacitors can be used in a range of PPU circuit functions, as well as higher temperature and voltage applications. This includes PPUs for spacecraft, probes, and landers, powered by roll-out solar arrays tailored to 120V and 300V, and PPUs for Hull ion thruster propulsion, powered by solar arrays with an output of 300V-1000V.  In addition to the projected performance at cryogenic temperatures, NanoLam capacitors have proven superiority in stability, energy density and specific energy, at higher temperature and voltage applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Government applications for NanoLamTM capacitors include electric drives, aerospace, pulse power systems for directed energy weapons, and applications where capacitors are exposed to radiation.   Commercial applications for DC-link capacitors include inverters for electric vehicles, wind turbines, utility scale photovoltaics, rail traction, UPS, motor drives, aerospace, and medical electronics.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.04-1022
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Contamination Control and Planetary Protection
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Low-surface Energy, Self-Sterilizing Smart Coating for Spacecraft Cleanliness

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
SynMatter LLC
          
   
Address:
          
16914 Deer Oak Lane, Orlando, FL 32828
          
   
Phone:
          
(321) 368-3013                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Xuejun Zhang Ph.D.
          
   
E-mail:
          
Jun@SynMatter.co
          
   
Address:
          
16914 Deer Oak Lane, FL 32828 - 6979
          
   
Phone:
          
(321) 947-6478                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Benjamin Pearman Ph.D.
          
   
E-mail:
          
Benny@SynMatter.co
          
   
Address:
          
1700 Neptune Dr, FL 32952 - 5664
          
   
Phone:
          
(321) 368-3013                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

A key concern with space travel is that microorganisms can hitch a ride on spacecraft leading to biological contamination of other planetary bodies or the transport of pathogenic organisms to Earth during return missions. Contamination of spacecraft and associated hardware with inorganic, organic or biological material can damage sensitive electronics and hardware and potentially cause catastrophic events associated with space travel. To ensure cleanliness and protect planets from microorganisms, NASA has implemented extensive cleaning procedures and processes, such as clean rooms, UV light and other surface disinfection protocols, to ensure a contamination-free environment.

SynMatter proposes demonstrating the feasibility producing a self-cleaning & sterilizing low surface energy coating, which prevents adhesion of contaminants and reduces cleaning requirements, with inherent self-sterilization properties that prevent the adherence, growth and spread of microorganisms. This coating will be achieved through the creation of Smart Particles that impart multiple layers of protective mechanisms. The coating will be highly water and oil repellent which minimizes adherence of water- and oil-soluble compounds and microorganisms and produces a self‑cleaning surface. The coating will have inherent antimicrobial properties, killing any biological organisms that do adhere to the surface. As a tertiary protection mechanism, the Smart Particles can deliver human safe biocides in response to the growth of microorganisms, ensuring that the surface remains free of living microbes.

This omniphobic, antimicrobial coating is applicable for many types of spacecraft within NASA’s portfolio, be they satellites, rovers, space stations, or capsules for human space travel. They can provide continuous protection against adherence of inorganic, organic and biological contaminants giving the saying “Cleanliness is a virtue” a whole new meaning.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The main application for the low surface energy, self-cleaning & sterilizing coating is to improve cleanliness of spacecraft by preventing the adhesion of contamination and microorganism growth. This coating has use on most spacecraft, but particularly those that come in contact with other planetary bodies, such as upcoming lunar landers (Peregrine, Blue Ghost, Nova-C, etc.), or those that will be returning samples, such as upcoming JAXA’s Martian Moons eXploration mission. ISS use would reduce microbial contamination and protect human health.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

There is a growing need for coatings that prevent the growth and spread of pathogens. Hospital acquired‑ infections require costly medical treatment and cause avoidable deaths. Contaminated food results in illness and food waste. Accelerated by COVID-19, there is also demand for antimicrobial surfaces in high traffic environments such as daycares, schools, aircraft, entertainment venues and more.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.05-1353
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Instruments and Instrument Components for Planetary Science
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Cs Atom Interferometer Laser

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Opto-Atomics Corp.
          
   
Address:
          
1891 North Gaffey Street, Suite 223, San Pedro, CA 90731
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Jae Choi
          
   
E-mail:
          
jchoi@opto-atomics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1891 N Gaffey St, Ste 223, CA 90731 - 1270
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jae Choi
          
   
E-mail:
          
jchoi@opto-atomics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1891 N Gaffey St, Ste 223, CA 90731 - 1270
          
   
Phone:
          
(424) 477-5132                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Quantum sensing takes advantage of the quantum mechanical nature of matters (e.g., atoms and ions) to boost the sensitivity of various sensors critical in NASA and other government/commercial applications. A stable, high-power, narrow-linewidth laser source is an essential subsystem needed in various atom-based quantum sensing. In atom-based sensing, high-power laser beams can generally increase the number of atoms, enhancing a metrology system's signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Although the principle of operation for atom interferometry (AI) applies identically for any atomic species, certain atomic species could be better suited for specific applications. However, although cesium is one of the most commonly used species in cold atom experiments performed in laboratory environments, field-deployable light-pulse atom interferometry with cesium is not often available in low SWaP (size, weight, and power) packaging due to the lack of a compact laser subsystem supporting the atom interferometry operation.

 

To address the need, Opto-Atomics Corp. (OAC) proposes to develop a Cs Atom Interferometry Laser (CSAIL) that can be adopted in NASA's space-borne atom-interferometers with cesium in inertial navigation and other applications. The proposed development addresses NASA's call (S13.05) for a laser subsystem enabling Raman-based light-pulse atom interferometer with Cs. In Phase I, OAC will design and assemble key system components of CSAIL, evaluate their performance, and perform feasibility demonstrations. We will also conduct a preliminary design of the fully-packaged CSAIL system for future development.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

With the development of various enabling technologies, significant performance leaps can be achieved to meet NASA’s needs in inertial sensing, gravity sensing, timekeeping, magnetic field sensing, and RF/microwave sensing. CSAIL can be readily adopted in Cs-based atom interferometers for inertial navigation and planetary geodesy applications of NASA. CSAIL can also be modified to provide the D2 transition beam for various atom-based sensing platforms such as Rydberg atom-based RF/microwave sensors or magnetometers.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Atom-based sensing has many potential applications for the military and other governmental sectors. CSAIL will significantly expedite the field deployment of these quantum devices with Cs by providing a robust, versatile light source that can be used in various quantum metrology/communication applications. All atom-based sensing techniques using Cs can benefit from SWaP reduction offered by CSAIL.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.05-1856
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Instruments and Instrument Components for Planetary Science
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 CryoScint: An Extreme Environment Sensor Head for Elemental Compositional Analysis

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
44 Hunt Street, Watertown, MA 02472
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 668-6801                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Erik Johnson
          
   
E-mail:
          
ejohnson@rmdinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
44 Hunt Street, MA 02472 - 4699
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 668-6801                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Martin Waters
          
   
E-mail:
          
mwaters@rmdinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
44 Hunt Street, MA 02472 -
          
   
Phone:
          
(617) 668-6851                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Radiation detectors are an invaluable tool for space applications that span planetary science, astrophysics, heliophysics, and dosimetry for human exploration.  A common technology used for radiation detection is the scintillator, where the material generates a light flash with an intensity that is proportional to the energy deposited by the incident radiation.  For planetary science, the elementary composition can be determined down to a couple meters below the surface by measuring the emitted gamma rays produced from nuclear decay, proton inelastic scattering, or neutron interactions.  The ambient galactic cosmic rays or trapped charged particles in a magnetosphere will scatter with nuclei in the planetary body generating neutrons, which interact with isotopes producing specific gamma rays.  As a test case, a mission to Europa presents numerous challenges due to the high radiation environment because of its orbit in relationship to the trapped radiation in Jupiter’s magnetosphere as well as the extremely low temperature.  Within this extreme environment, common scintillation materials will fail for numerous reasons.  The light yields may be suppressed at the low temperatures, the material may darken due to radiation damage, or the response time of the light flash is too slow to handle the high event rates.  There are some materials that function down to 70 K, yet the transient response is slow making it difficult to provide good gamma ray spectroscopy in a high radiation environment. New scintillation materials, which includes ceramics, provide promise for developing a nuclear instrument for planetary science that can function at low temperatures and high radiation environments.  The goal of this project is to develop a high-performance scintillation material for deployment to the surface of Europa, where in the Phase 1 effort, candidate materials will be identified based on their low temperature performance.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):
  • Gamma ray spectroscopy for planetary science and astrophysics.
  • Instrument for mapping elemental constituents on planetary surfaces.  
    Supports orbital missions, borehole probes, lander missions, and rover missions for planetary science.
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Advanced scintillation materials serve a number of applications:

  • Nuclear and High-Energy Physics Experiments
  • Nuclear Nonproliferation.
  • Nuclear Material Accounting and Control.
  • Non-destructive testing using neutron radiography. 
  • Medical imaging.
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.05-1970
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Instruments and Instrument Components for Planetary Science
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Miniature TOF Mass Spectrometer with Enhanced Resolution

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Zeteo Tech, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
6935 Warfield Avenue, Sykesville, MD 21784
          
   
Phone:
          
(410) 979-1190                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Vadym Berkout
          
   
E-mail:
          
vadym.berkout@zeteotech.com
          
   
Address:
          
6935 Warfield Avenue, MD 21784 - 7454
          
   
Phone:
          
(410) 530-8834                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Thomas McCreery
          
   
E-mail:
          
tom.mccreery@zeteotech.com
          
   
Address:
          
2790 S Mario Ranch Ln, AZ 85730 - 1547
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 664-4999                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Zeteo Tech, Inc.  proposes to design, develop and prototype a robust, small size, weight, and power (SWaP) TOF mass spectrometer with enhanced mass resolving power (m/Δm ≥ 25,000, FWHM) and practically unlimited mass range, which will allow in situ detection of organic and biomolecules in complex mixtures. It is based on a novel design of a multi-reflection TOF using microfabrication techology. The mass analyzer operates at low static voltages (a few hundred volts). Using static voltages (without pulsing) simplifies the electronics and minimizes power consumption for the proposed miniature mass spectrometer.

In phase I we will complete a preliminary design of the miniature TOF mass analyzer with enhanced mass resolving power and prototype key elements of the design.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

In addition to the primary application for in situ detection and unambiguous identification of amino acids, nucleobases and other prebiotic organic molecules in solid samples, the proposed technology may be used for: 1) identification of salts, and/or minerals at Mars, ocean worlds, and other bodies; 2) monitoring of chemical composition of gas samples, including atmospheric analysis.

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Proposed technology may be utilized in a wide range of government and industrial applications: 1) on-site determination of pollutants in environmental samples; 2) quick reliable identification of deadly substances in complex mixtures; 3) point‐of‐care diagnostics without time‐consuming sample pretreatment.

 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.05-2543
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Instruments and Instrument Components for Planetary Science
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Quantum Sensor for D/H Ratio Measurement in Water in Outer Planets

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
QuantCAD, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1165 Oakes Drive, Iowa City, IA 52245
          
   
Phone:
          
(319) 594-2507                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Adonai Cruz
          
   
E-mail:
          
adonaicruz@quantcad.com
          
   
Address:
          
912 North Dodge Street, 52245 - 1001
          
   
Phone:
          
(319) 400-1089                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Jennifer Flatte
          
   
E-mail:
          
jenniferflatte@quantcad.com
          
   
Address:
          
1165 Oakes Drive, IA 52245 - 1101
          
   
Phone:
          
(319) 594-2507                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Compact chip-scale nano-NMR sensors to measure D/H ratio in water of outer planets based on atomistic defects in semiconductors will have orders of magnitude improved sensitivity compared to classical NMR instruments.  Our sensors will be able to detect D/H ratio in reduced sample size as the magnetic fields generated by small samples are too small for traditional sensors to detect. Microscopic modeling of noise and nuclear dipole fields will estimate spin and charge noise frequency-dependent spectra of the D/H ratio sensor with a given set of parameters including geometry, dimensions, surface termination composition, and temperature. Our computer-assisted design (CAD) software will be used in the optimization of the sensor for D/H ratio measurements of water by identifying configurations/designs and microwave (MW) interrogation protocols where the NMR signals from hydrogen and deuterium can be reliably measured from the underlying base noise and thus maximizing the sensitivity. We will design the optimal sensitivity of the sensor based on tradeoffs for isotopic purity, regularity of thickness of substrate material and defect occurrence. A Phase II plan will be constructed, identifying the issues related to device growth and fabrication, testing, and integration. Plans will be developed to mitigate issues and partners confirmed for the Phase II project. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Compact chip-scale nano-NMR sensors will have smaller size, weight and power consumption compared to traditional NMR-type sensors and could cover the growing need for robust sensors with small footprints. They would thus be very well suited for planetary exploration where the instrument size, power, and complexity restrictions are most severe. The orders of magnitude improved sensitivity compared to classical NMR instruments, would allow D/H ratio detection in very small samples, unpractical with other approaches.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

NMR have extensive applications in biotechnology, medicine, materials science and other industries. Examples include characterization of nanoparticles, molecular imaging, detection of biomarkers, quality control of nanomaterials and development of new materials. These will greatly benefit from an NMR-type quantum sensor due to its high sensitivity and spatial resolution down to a single ion.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S13.07-2721
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Energy Storage for Extreme Environments
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Modular Radioisotopic Power Sources

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Direct Kinetic Solutions
          
   
Address:
          
1009 Metate Place, El Paso, TX 79912
          
   
Phone:
          
(915) 352-8555                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Brenda Smith
          
   
E-mail:
          
Brenda.smith@directkinetics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1009 Metate Pl, TX 79912 - 7550
          
   
Phone:
          
(865) 712-2712                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Ekhi Muniategui
          
   
E-mail:
          
ekhi@directkinetics.com
          
   
Address:
          
1009 Metate Pl, TX 79912 - 7550
          
   
Phone:
          
(915) 352-8555                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Direct Kinetic Solutions (DKS) proposes the development of a modular radioisotopic power source (RPS) to enhance the current state of the art offering, which is a combination of chemical batteries and solar arrays in the small satellite market. These power sources contain and energy density that is orders of magnitude superior to the one offered by commercially available chemical batteries. The difference between these power sources and traditionally used RTGs is that our devices convert the energy directly when using beta emitting isotope, and leverage a phosphor when using alpha emitting ones, The RPS are compact (the cell can be as little as .5cm x .5cm), lightweight, and will fit into the side panel on the structure of a CubeSat. We expect the RPS devices can be used to power critical systems independently, or can be connected in multiples to become a significant power source for the main electric power system  of the spacecraft. We believe that they can be used in other applications such as lunar expiration as they can generate power in extremely low temperatures, or be used as power alternatives for complex systems in deep space exploration. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

DKS believes the main application for NASA will be on the development of small satellites. Once that application has been demonstrated, they can go into different equipment, such as rovers for lunar exploration, given their characteristics. 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The company expects the commercial application to be similar to NASA: an enhancement to the currently used battery and solar array system. Small satellites swarms have been increasing and this tendency is expected to continue. Space partners such as SpaceX and Blue Origin can benefit greatly form the technology. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S14.01-1428
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Weather Research-to-Operations-to-Research (R2O2R) Technology Development and Commercial Applications
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Mixed Reality Platform to Enhance Space Domain Awareness of Space Weather and Facilitate Data-Driven Decision-Making

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
XR Solutions Inc
          
   
Address:
          
2069 West 14th 1/2 Steet, Houston, TX 77008
          
   
Phone:
          
(832) 279-7993                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mrs. Lori-Lee Elliott
          
   
E-mail:
          
lorilee@futuresight-ar.com
          
   
Address:
          
2069 W 14th 1/2 Steet, TX 77008 - 3405
          
   
Phone:
          
(832) 279-7993                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mrs. Lori-Lee Elliott
          
   
E-mail:
          
lorilee@futuresight-ar.com
          
   
Address:
          
2069 W 14th 1/2 Steet, TX 77008 - 3405
          
   
Phone:
          
(832) 279-7993                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

NASA needs tools that allow people to visualize and understand the complex space environment. Three dimensional augmented, mixed, and virtual reality (AR, MR and VR, or collectively extended reality - XR) provide a way to enhance space data understanding and improve the quality of space domain-related decision-making. Company proposes using a mixed reality medium to meet the objectives of this solicitation, with respect to making informed decisions concerning space weather by combining & displaying space weather-related data sources in one platform. Mixed reality blends the real world with digital assets contextually placed in an environment. It lends itself to a collaborative experience that can be shared with peers or "multiuser".

Dauntless XR proposes a mixed reality holodeck platform to collaboratively view space weather data on coronal mass ejections (CMEs) visualized in immersive 3D. Dubbed “Aura” the proposed solution enables users to integrate NASA data into their decision-making process and make more informed decisions regarding space weather. We propose to accomplish this by taking data from a Unified Data Library API and visualizing the data as a realistic 3D artifact in the Aura holodeck as it becomes available, paired with relevant standards, best practices, and data interpretation tips. The proposed innovation is hardware agnostic across headsets, phones, and tablets to maximize accessibility. 

The proposed innovation makes NASA space weather data easy to access, quick to understand, and seamless to integrate into a workflow, even as forecasts remain uncertain. Aura for space weather would provide value to a general audience to educate and foster further innovation and inquiry to those with space domain expertise who may or may not be traditional users of NASAs data. As a digitally native solution the proposed platform is able to use existing data sources, but also add new ones as they become available giving the solution longevity and agility to adapt.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The potential NASA application is a novel space weather application that combines multiple data sources and practices to support space operations, that can continuously be improved and updated over time. Ultimately XR data visualization modules could include: Space weather; Launch & early orbit phase checkout; and Satellite Impact/position. The proposed application will ingest data from select sources; however, the backend architecture will ingest data from a variety of sources and sensors to continually enhance space domain awareness.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Non-NASA applications for the proposed Aura innovation is a cohesive space weather monitoring, prediction & mitigation application for use by defense customers, commercial space companies, companies impacted by space weather events such as airlines, energy companies, and insurance companies, as well as academic institutions, where end-user understanding of Sun-Earth physics varies.  

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S14.01-2104
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Weather Research-to-Operations-to-Research (R2O2R) Technology Development and Commercial Applications
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Rapid Integration of Disparate Data Assets for Space Weather Research and Operations

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Meroxa
          
   
Address:
          
651 North Broad Street, Suite 206, Middletown, DE 19709
          
   
Phone:
          
(415) 754-8830                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
DeVaris Brown
          
   
E-mail:
          
devaris@meroxa.io
          
   
Address:
          
2261 Market St #4146, CA 94114 - 1612
          
   
Phone:
          
(415) 754-8830                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
DeVaris Brown
          
   
E-mail:
          
devaris@meroxa.io
          
   
Address:
          
2261 Market St #4146, CA 94114 - 1612
          
   
Phone:
          
(415) 754-8830                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 7
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

In Phase I, Meroxa proposes to demonstrate the technical feasibility of building accessible tooling and connectors (proof of concept) for NASA to move space weather data, regardless of format and location, to any destination in the format required and in real-time.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The current operational suite of space weather products and services can be found in various formats and in disparate environments. Current processes to extract these data insights are too cumbersome and take too long. Moving data quickly and in real-time will contribute to the development and advancement of forecasting capabilities through better information dissemination for NASA operations and research. 

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Development of pipelines that integrate disparate data sources is costly, time intensive and often still requires significant manual processing. The innovations of the Meroxa Platform and Conduit can be used by any non-NASA organizations to quickly move data for better analyses. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S14.01-2686
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Space Weather Research-to-Operations-to-Research (R2O2R) Technology Development and Commercial Applications
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Improved Forecasting of Operational Solar and Geomagnetic Indices

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Space Environment Technologies, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1676 Palisades Drive, Pacific Palisades, CA 90272
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 573-4185                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Shaylah Mutschler
          
   
E-mail:
          
smutschler@spacewx.com
          
   
Address:
          
1676 Palisades Drive, CA 90272 - 2111
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 654-3982                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
W. Kent Tobiska
          
   
E-mail:
          
ktobiska@spacewx.com
          
   
Address:
          
1676 Palisades Drive, CA 90272 - 2111
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 573-4185                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 5
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Improved thermospheric density forecasts are a critical need identified by the Space Weather Operations, Research, and Mitigation (SWORM) Working Group, a Federal interagency coordinating body [National Space Weather Strategy and Action Plan, 2019]. This work will improve thermospheric density prediction by reducing forecast error up to 65% during large geomagnetic storms. We will validate two replacement forecast drivers used by operational models. Given the increased debris environment in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) there is strong interest by U.S. agencies, companies, and international organizations for managing hazards from debris collision. There are two areas in which we will improve forecast neutral thermosphere densities. First, we will validate an existing observation-based solar irradiance index, i.e., the S10 produced by National Solar Observatory (NSO) SIFT model, that can accurately extend operational forecasts out to 7 days. Second, we validate a combined solar wind Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) networks using solar wind observations algorithm (from Hu) plus a solar feature data-driven, machine-learned (ML) algorithms (Logit) (from Swiger) that together create a forecast Disturbance storm time (Dst) geomagnetic index for short (hours) and long (days) time frames, respectively. The SEFT S10 index will improve 3-7 day predictions for the debris collision maneuver and reentry windows. The Hu+Swiger Dst forecast capability will help resolve the single largest problem in thermosphere density forecasting, i.e., large error in densities during geomagnetic storms resulting from poorly forecast storm magnitude and timing by Anemomilos Dst. SET will validate SIFT S10 as well as the GRU and Logit Dst data outputs in Phase I by comparing them to existing SET S10 and SET Anemomilos Dst that are the operational baselines used for the past decade. This project will design a method to automatically feed our new Dst predictions to the CME Scoreboard in coordination with CCMC.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

This proposal supports NASA’s mission as defined by Grand Challenges for cutting-edge technological solutions that can i) solve important space-related problems; ii) radically improve existing capabilities; or iii) deliver new space capabilities. Under Challenge 1 (expand human presence in space), our work helps mitigate the hazards of space debris collision by providing innovations for updating the baseline thermospheric density forecasting in the USSF HASDM system used by NASA CARA.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Four LEO growth cases that can use our solar and geomagnetic drivers for improving thermosphere density forecasts are i) civilian agency satellites, ii) commercial satellites, iii) defense applications, and iv) space traffic management. SET already has customers of USSF 18 SDS and has also sold forecasts to commercial aerospace firms in the U.S., Japan, Germany, and Brazil over the past decade.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S14.02-1131
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Particles and Fields and Remote-Sensing Enabling Technologies for Heliophysics Instruments
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Compact Rydberg atom-based LF transmitter

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Cornerstone Research Group, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, Miamisburg, OH 45342
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Damir Latypov
          
   
E-mail:
          
latypovdm@crgrp.com
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, OH 45342 - 6411
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Emily Frake
          
   
E-mail:
          
frakeea@crgrp.com
          
   
Address:
          
510 Earl Boulevard, OH 45342 - 6411
          
   
Phone:
          
(937) 320-1877                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Cornerstone Research Group Inc. (CRG) proposes to develop a low frequency transmitter for active sensing of ionospheric and magnetospheric plasma density structure. CRG will leverage its experience with the compact Rydberg-atom based VLF transmitter for submarine to air communication. Active sensing with injection of ELF/VLF (300Hz -30kHz) frequency band electromagnetic waves into the Earth’s magnetosphere have played an important role in discovering and elucidating wave-particle interactions in near-Earth space. For example, Siple Station VLF injection experiments were very successful in producing observations of non-linear growth and triggering whistler mode waves. Today, however, electromagnetic sounding of ionospheric and magnetospheric plasma density structure at low frequencies relies on passive sensing, i.e., using either naturally occurring radiation or using transmitters of opportunity such as global navigation satellite system or ground-based transmissions. The reason for that lies in in the significant engineering challenges of efficiently radiating in the low frequency bands. Rydberg atom-based technology overcomes many of these challenges and makes it feasible to construct a compact VLF transmitter which could be installed on a space platform. During Phase I, CRG will demonstrate design of such a transmitter adhering to the SWAP constraints associated with the space applications.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

•    Low frequency transmitter for space platforms

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

•    VLF transmitter for underwater to surface communications

•    Through-the-earth (TTE) communication for mining applications

•    Geophysical surveying using low frequency electromagnetic waves

 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S15.02-1255
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 In Situ Sample Preparation and Analysis for Biological and Physical Sciences in a Microgravity Environment
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Long Term Cell Culture Monitoring System

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Wainamics Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
7026 Koll Center Parkway, Suite 225, Pleasanton, CA 94566
          
   
Phone:
          
(925) 480-7622                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Ming Tan
          
   
E-mail:
          
mingtan@wainamics.com
          
   
Address:
          
7026 Koll Center Pkwy, Suit #225, CA 94566 - 3108
          
   
Phone:
          
(925) 480-7622                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Peter Meijles
          
   
E-mail:
          
peter.meijles@wainamics.com
          
   
Address:
          
7026 Koll Center Pkwy, Suit #225, CA 94566 - 3108
          
   
Phone:
          
(925) 480-7622                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Microbiology research in space is important for understanding effects of microgravity and space ionizing radiation on biological organisms, which is critical for human space exploration. CubeSat missions, such as BioSentinel, SporeSat, O/OREOS, and life science experiments on the International Space Station (ISS) have included microfluidic cartridges for research of cell and organism growth and metabolism in space. These systems require sample loading and full system assembly on Earth, using highly specialized equipment and specially trained personnel, which can limit the pace of research advancement in space.

Our proposed Microfluidic Biospecimen Cartridge (MBC) system will allow loading, sealing of biological samples, automatic perfusion and monitoring of the specimen growth on the ISS or in a laboratory without the requirement of specially trained engineers or specialized equipment. Once closed, the unit is entirely self-contained, minimizing chance of contamination and enabling safe handling of a wide variety of biological specimens in a microgravity environment. The MBC will allow users to monitor growth under microgravity over long periods on the ISS, providing maximum flexibility for executing experiments. The species studied with this system can be cells, such as bacteria, human cell lines, or algae, fungi, spores and even more complex biospecimens such as C. elegans worms.

The MBC will contain 16 wells that are interconnected with microfluidic channels. The channels deliver nutrients and remove waste from the wells. The biospecimens in each well are trapped by filter membranes at the top and bottom of the wells. This project will focus on design and prototype of a microfluidic cartridge that is compatible to standard large-scale manufacturing methods including injection molding, heat staking, and ultrasonic welding. Yeast cells will be used to demonstrate cell isolation within each well, and automated cell perfusion and growth in a complete enclosed system.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

This MBC can be used on the ISS for microbiology experiments, advancing our understanding of space biology. Astronauts can prepare samples on the ISS without the need for special equipment, and all subsequent processes are automated in the MBC. The cartridge can also be used in CubeSat missions, offering simplified, consistent performance, while reducing development time and cost. As a standardized, low-cost system, the MBC also enables academic research laboratories and STEM students to design and perform space biology research experiments.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The MBC has pharmaceutical, environmental, and educational applications. Therapies can be tested and validated quickly, as the MBC provides both sample storage and detection of the impact of therapies on cell vitality and growth. It can be used for environmental monitoring such as long-term water and soil testing, and can enhance research potential in low-budget laboratories and STEM classrooms.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.02-1610
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Dynamic Power Conversion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Affordable In-Space Demonstration of Dynamic Radioisotope Power Conversion

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation-Technologies
          
   
Address:
          
2320 West Commodore Way, Unit 200, Seattle, WA 98199
          
   
Phone:
          
(858) 342-4837                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Doug Greisen
          
   
E-mail:
          
d.greisen@usnc-tech.com
          
   
Address:
          
2356 West Commodore Way, Unit 120, WA 98199 - 1258
          
   
Phone:
          
(206) 373-1492                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Adam Schilffarth
          
   
E-mail:
          
a.schilffarth@usnc-tech.com
          
   
Address:
          
2320 West Commodore Way, Unit 200, WA 98199 - 1258
          
   
Phone:
          
(206) 373-1497                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

USNC-Tech is proposing a modular radioisotope power system. This system would enable a low-cost flight demonstration of a high efficiency dynamic power system using a low-cost radioisotope and maintaining compatibility with the GPHS Pu-238 power source due to its modular design. Co-60 is routinely produced in 500 W scale quantities needed for a dynamic power system demonstration. While interfacing C0-60 is different than for the General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) block, the proposed concept is (1) modular to accommodate either Pu-238 or Co-60, (2) still optimized for Pu-238, (3) uses currently developed hardware by the NASA DRPS programs, and (4) focuses on enabling a near term launch demonstration.

 

USNC-Tech has teamed with Sunpower, the developer of the Sunpower Robust Stirling Convertor (SRSC). USNC-Tech is bringing expertise with inexpensive radioisotope technology based on the medical radioisotope industry in the form of its EmberCore™ technology to combine the radioisotope with the SRSC in a configuration notionally like the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) but modified to (1) be modular such that it can utilize alternative radioisotopes or GPHS blocks and (2) utilize heat pipes to distribute heat to convertors. USNC-Tech refers to the concept as the Modular Radioisotope Dynamic Generator (MRDG).  

 

Modularity of the radioisotope will allow for use of a shorter-lived inexpensive isotopes such as 5.7-year Co-60 for lower cost missions, ease the supply chain requirements for Pu-238, yet leverage system commonality for Pu-238 to be used for long-life missions to the outer solar system, for example.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):
  • Lunar surface landers & rovers in need of night survival or PSR operation.
  • Deep space science missions of limited budget (Discovery, SIMPLEX, etc.).
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):
  • Defense customers in need of spacecraft solutions that are agnostic to the Sun and are not burdened by the need to point photovoltaic panels.
  • Defense customers looking for non-photovoltaic  power sources to act as supplemental backup power to a primary photovoltaic system.
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.02-1705
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Dynamic Power Conversion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Robust Linear Motor Controller Proof-of-Principle Hardware Demonstration

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Converter Source, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
16922 South Canaan Road, Athens, OH 45701
          
   
Phone:
          
(740) 592-5166                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
James Huth
          
   
E-mail:
          
jhuth@convertersource.com
          
   
Address:
          
16922 South Canaan Road, OH 45701 - 9461
          
   
Phone:
          
(646) 306-4824                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
James Huth
          
   
E-mail:
          
jhuth@convertersource.com
          
   
Address:
          
16922 South Canaan Road, OH 45701 - 9461
          
   
Phone:
          
(646) 306-4824                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Based upon our review of published NASA papers and reports, compared with other teams’Stirling machine controllers, our controller appears uniquely capable of precisely controlling piston motions (i.e., amplitude, mean position offset, frequency) and phase-synchronization with other machines. Our robust active controller implements a novel nonlinear control algorithm to maintain stable machine operation despite model parameter uncertainty and unmodeled dynamics. However, to date, we have only evaluated the performance of our controller as part of software simulations of Stirling machines. The virtual controller performance has been extensively studied through two NASA SBIR Phase I projects.

The next logical step in developing this controller is transitioning from present virtual model simulations to real processor hardware. The migration to hardware always introduces new and unexpected problems. Therefore, we propose validating our control algorithm using a simple linear motor on the lab benchtop. We will derive the motor test hardware from convertor alternator/ piston/ cylinder components from a past NASA SBIR Phase II project. The effort will include the selection of a physical processor board, deploying the control algorithm to the board, and initial controller integration with the power stage, sensors, and linear motor.

Lastly, we will subject the hardware system to a range of test scenarios and parameter sweeps to confirm the robustness of our controller to maintain desired piston motion. As a performance reference, we will update our virtual system model throughout the project. This hardware demonstration will test our performance predictions and help guide the future development of the standalone controller for use with other linear free-piston machines.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Our controller can support dynamic radioisotope power system (DRPS) Stirling convertors at any power level – offering reliable, efficient, and robust control of one or more convertors under off-nominal conditions. We could adapt the controller for NASA cryocooler applications to directly cool space sensors and reliquefy vapor for zero-boiloff fluid storage. The proposed controller could also be applied to linear gas compressor/ liquid pump or other linear actuator applications.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Our controller could support convertors for terrestrial remote power applications requiring high reliability (e.g., navigation or communications equipment in off-grid areas). The controller could support cryocoolers for commercial CubeSat/ SmallSat or other missions requiring cooling multiple heat loads, possibly at different temperatures.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.02-1929
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Dynamic Power Conversion
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Computational design of robust, compatible interconnect alloys for improved PbTe-based thermoelectric devices

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
QuesTek Innovations, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1820 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201
          
   
Phone:
          
(847) 328-5800                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. James Male
          
   
E-mail:
          
jmale@questek.com
          
   
Address:
          
1820 Ridge Avenue, IL 60201 - 3621
          
   
Phone:
          
(847) 425-8242                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Brian Registe
          
   
E-mail:
          
bregiste@questek.com
          
   
Address:
          
1820 Ridge Avenue, IL 60201 - 3621
          
   
Phone:
          
(847) 425-8226                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Radioisotope power systems (RPSs) including thermoelectric systems are proven technologies for long-term power generation in distant, dark, and/or dusty environments where solar power is not viable. Despite significant advancements in thermoelectric (TE) material technology, modern TE systems rely on legacy TE technologies due to shortcomings in systems-integration and reliability of improved TE materials. Crucial TE material development challenges stem from the interface joining TE materials and the metallic interconnect (IC) material near the heater unit hot-end, which must be manufacturable, robust, and stable after decades of operation. In this program, QuesTek Innovations will leverage its Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) expertise and Materials by Design® technology to rapidly design and prototype a TE-IC junction combining a novel IC alloy design and a mechanically robust, highly efficient p-type PbTe material with improved power generation efficiency near radioisotope heater unit hot-end temperatures. Phase I involves thermodynamic database development and utilization of CALPHAD (CALculation of Phase Diagrams) methods to computationally design a junction between the PbTe material and a QuesTek-designed Co-based IC material with minimal experimental validation. Design will focus on thermodynamic interface stability and well-matched coefficients of thermal expansion between TE/IC materials to minimize thermal stress during fabrication and long-term operation. The database framework will be extended in Phase II work to design a similarly compatible IC-TE material junction for an improved n-type PbTe material, leading to further improved RPS efficiency. The longevity of a full device incorporating QuesTek’s novel IC alloy and improved p- and n-type PbTe materials will be simulated using CALPHAD-based diffusion simulations to capture performance over multiple decades and experimentally verified through long-term device stability tests.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):
  • Improved RPS components for improved power generation on unmanned scientific missions
  • Exploration of deeper, darker space at the edges of our solar system
  • Exploration of planetary moons and planetary surfaces
  • Better opportunity to consider unmanned remote space stations
  • Better opportunity to consider unmanned remote planet mineral mining
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):
  • Improved RPS components for improved power generation to support commercial space endeavors
  • Power to support unmanned mining operations
  • Power to support equipment in commercial space stations and planetary bases
  • Improved thermoelectric materials for renewable terrestrial energy harvesting
          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.03-1803
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Guidance, Navigation, and Control
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Radiation Hardened ASIC for Control of Amplitude and Frequency Modulated Inertial Sensors

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Inertialwave, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
23868 Hawthorne Boulevard Suite 100, Torrance, CA 90505
          
   
Phone:
          
(888) 628-7367                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Anthony Challoner
          
   
E-mail:
          
dorian@inertialwave.com
          
   
Address:
          
23868 Hawthorne Blvd., Ste 100, CA 90505 - 8205
          
   
Phone:
          
(888) 628-7367                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Peter Bond
          
   
E-mail:
          
peter@inertialwave.com
          
   
Address:
          
23868 Hawthorne Blvd., Ste 100, CA 90505 - 8205
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 977-2988                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 5
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):
  • A Universal Resonator Controller (URC) ASIC is proposed, primarily to measure inertial sensors.  High performance, navigation-grade IMUs use discrete parts to sense accelerometers and gyroscopes.  By using ASICs instead of COTS ICs IMU size and power consumption can be reduced.  A major issue in both rad-hard and terrestrial IMU markets is the lack of volume for high-performance systems when spread out across many players.  It is not particularly feasible to develop a cutting-edge product with all the difficulties of an ASIC for a single specific sensor.  Instead, the URC casts a wide net, allowing integrators to pick and choose which sensors to interface with.  With only a handful of passives and support ICs, the proposed URC would be able to operate with most inertial sensors operating with resonant frequencies between 5kHz-150kHz.  Nearly any resonating system may be controlled or sensed with this architecture due to its flexible digital programmable settings and selected external passives.  A prototype with limited bandwidth and only amplitude modulation has been developed.  Both voltage and current transduction modes are already available.  Phase I efforts will be dedicated to improving and implementing targeted innovations.  Due to the duration of work and award amount Phase I focuses on simulation and selected transistor-level designs.  Radiation hardening methods will be simulated, ADC bandwidth improved, and frequency demodulation architectures designed.  The existing ADC will be migrated to a rad-hard process and architecturally improved to guard against SETs.  Phase II will then proceed with full chip design and migration efforts, culminating in the tapeout of a wide bandwidth, rad-hard URC ASIC with best in-class SWaP.
          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Rendevous, Proximity Operations, and Capture Maneuvering;

Formation Flying, Precison Pointing, Station Keeping, and Relative Navigation;

Affordable GNC for Expendable Vehicles;

Mars Sample & Return Missions (Mars Ascent Vehicle);

High Volume SmallSat Constellations;

Entry, Descent & Landing GNC;

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

North Finding and Latitude Determination;

Down-Hole Navigation and Mapping for Geothermal and Oil;

Autonomous Vehicles and Drone Navigation/Stabilization;

Longer Duration Navigation for Munitions and GPS denied environments.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.03-1881
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Guidance, Navigation, and Control
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 High Radiation Tolerant Star Tracker for Icy Ocean Worlds Exploration

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
NewBridge Partners, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
2804 Baxley Hollow Court, Herndon, VA 20171
          
   
Phone:
          
(703) 822-1159                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
John Anagnost
          
   
E-mail:
          
JAnagnost@yournbpartners.com
          
   
Address:
          
2804 Baxley Hollow Ct, VA 20171 - 2126
          
   
Phone:
          
(310) 944-0894                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Caitlyn Freidhoff
          
   
E-mail:
          
cfreidhoff@yournbpartners.com
          
   
Address:
          
2804 Baxley Hollow Ct, VA 20171 - 2126
          
   
Phone:
          
(703) 822-1159                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

NewBridge Partners, Inc. has developed an innovative, radiation-hard, very high-performance
all-reflective optics star tracker deemed HRST (High Radiation Star Tracker). The instrument directly addresses the
need for long-life performance in high radiation environments such as Jupiter where current conventional star
trackers cannot readily meet the harsh radiation requirements. The design consists of a 3-mirror reflective triplet
design form with an additional fold mirror. Additionally, with the inclusion of TRL8 on-board advanced processing
algorithms it is readily possible to achieve better than 500 nrad of random star tracker error, rivaling the best
performance available in the world today. The size, weight and power are in family with the other star trackers,
resulting in an overall very high-performance GNC sensor with outstanding performance, capable of supporting
NASA in operating in a high-radiation environment to study icy ocean worlds.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):
  • Supports NASA spacecraft in earth observing orbits as well as satellites used for planetary exploration that require high radiation subsystems (MEO, Jovian, etc.)
  • Provides 4X better performance over commercial star trackers with comparable SWaP for spacecraft requiring star trackers in any orbit
  • Design form scalable to many other NASA EO/IR missions requiring good radiation performance
          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The proposed star tracker can be used in potential commercial applications especially with the expanding interest in the cislunar arena. Star trackers are used on many space vehicles in support of attitude control, for earth-orbiting satellites as well as satellites dedicated to the study of planets, moons, asteroids, and comets beyond Earth orbit. 

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.03-1967
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Guidance, Navigation, and Control
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Precision Ion Nano Thruster

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Espace, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
30 Lynn Avenue, Hull, MA 02045
          
   
Phone:
          
(781) 925-3893                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Francois Martel
          
   
E-mail:
          
fm@space.mit.edu
          
   
Address:
          
30 Lynn Avenue, MA 02045 - 2216
          
   
Phone:
          
(781) 925-3893                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Francois Martel
          
   
E-mail:
          
fm@space.mit.edu
          
   
Address:
          
30 Lynn Avenue, MA 02045 - 2216
          
   
Phone:
          
(781) 925-3893                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

We are proposing the development of a new miniaturized and low power stand-alone “nano-thruster” instrument, the Precision Ion Nano-Thruster (PINT) to perform very fine thrusting in support of precision attitude and pointing control on space platforms.

The miniature precision device development effort will be based on previous R&D results and experience, and proven technologies developed in collaborations between Espace Inc. and the MIT Space Propulsion Laboratory. The effort will focus on the miniaturization of the electronics and the high precision control of micro-fabricated ion-electrospray thrusters, leveraging the state of the art in the technologies, and optimizing the micro-thrusters for fine control and stability.

The ultimate objective of the PINT development will be rugged, industrially and economically manufactured, miniature stand-alone electric thrusters, providing precision controlled ion beams.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The applications of the PINT thrusters are in the area of very high precision control of space platforms, in attitude or trajectories. Advanced technologies such as laser telecommunications or fractionated interferometric instruments require stable and precise controls for which PINT will provide an economical and practical tool for fine adjustments and stabilization. PINT will have applications in NASA future astrophysics observatories and fractionated space system designs.

 

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The applications of the PINT thrusters are in the area of very high precision control of space platforms, in attitude or trajectories. Advanced technologies such as laser telecommunications require stable and precise controls. A commercial or governmental application is in fine stabilization and controls for small platforms using laser telecommunications.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.08-1927
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Atomic Quantum Sensor and Clocks
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Additively Manufacture Hyperfine Optomechanical Laser Discipline (AM-HOLD) Module

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Vapor Cell Technologies, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
2060 Broadway, Suite 490, Boulder, CO 80302
          
   
Phone:
          
(602) 430-6907                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Douglas Bopp
          
   
E-mail:
          
dougbopp@vaporcelltechnologies.com
          
   
Address:
          
2237 Pine St, CO 80302 - 4606
          
   
Phone:
          
(602) 430-6907                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Douglas Bopp
          
   
E-mail:
          
dougbopp@vaporcelltechnologies.com
          
   
Address:
          
2237 Pine St, CO 80302 - 4606
          
   
Phone:
          
(602) 430-6907                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Atomic technologies such as atom interferometry, atomic clocks, atomic magnetometers, and Rydberg sensors have demonstrated exquisite stabilities and sensitivities. However, the high complexity, cost, and length development cycles have prevented these technologies from achieving their ultimate value. We propose to use additive manufacturing in combination with microfabricated components, micro optics, and low-noise electronics to rapidly build and assemble atomic devices for atom interferometry applications.

Success will be the offering of integrated atomic devices that can be used by NASA, academics, and commercial entities to build compact atomic sensors. This innovation will decrease the Size, Weight, Power, and Cost (SWaP-C) of atomic devices and produce a reliable, high-performance component for stabilizing atom interferometer systems. Atom interferometers are under heavy development using laser cooled atoms in free fall as ultra-precise inertial measurement objects. Enabling this technology can enable ultra-low-bandwidth rate measuring gyroscopes and accelerometers suitable for dead-reckoning deep in space. The NASA Cold Atom Lab (CAL) aboard the International Space Station has used atom interferometry for ultra-precise test of microgravity using absolutely accurate quantum sensing and is managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory under the BPS Divison of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

While the underlying technology has been demonstrated, effort in making it manufacturable, repeatable, and reliable is now necessary so that a team of scientists and engineers are not required to operate such advanced devices. This work will enhance the ability for systems to be design, built, and characterized quickly. To develop next-generation atomic sensors, NASA needs reconfigurable, low-power, low-mass atomic devices compatible with off-the-shelf fiber optics and laser systems.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

NASA missions require high accuracy and high sensitivity measurements and atom interferometers represent a cutting edge inertial measurement and navigation sensor. Potential NASA applications include: fundamental tests of gravity in space, the detection of gravitational waves using a laser ring interferometer geometry in space, precision tests of gravity during planetary flybys detecting sub-surface minerals and water, and navigating through space precisely and accurately using absolutely accurate inertial navigation.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Compact atomic devices can solve medical, defense, and telecommunications applications if the cost can be brought down by over an order of magnitude. By utilizing technologies suitable to repeatable and mass-manufacture, this high-complexity technology can be applied to commercial problems where cost-sensitivity is very high and this work reduces some of the associated cost barriers.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.08-2009
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Atomic Quantum Sensor and Clocks
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Optical Frequency Synthesizer for Quantum Applications

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Vescent Photonics, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
14998 West 6th Avenue, Suite 700, Golden, CO 80401
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 296-6766                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Bennett Sodergren
          
   
E-mail:
          
bsodergren@vescent.com
          
   
Address:
          
14998 West 6th Avenue, Suite 700, CO 80401 - 5025
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 296-6766                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Scott Rommel
          
   
E-mail:
          
rommel@vescentphotonics.com
          
   
Address:
          
6770 W 52nd Ave # B, CO 80002 - 3945
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 296-6766                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

Vescent Photonics, LLC (Vescent) proposes to develop a compact, low-power, environmentally robust optical fiber frequency comb (OFC) that operates in the visible spectrum (400-800 nm) and is constructed from telecommunications (telecom) components to enable next-generation space-deployed optical atomic clocks and Rydberg-atom based quantum sensors. The proposed system will meet the challenging performance requirements for state-of-the-art quantum sensors and clocks while maintaining a low size, weight, and power (SWaP) in a configurable platform that can be adapted to the diverse needs for several of the key space-deployed applications described in Focus Area S16.08. For example, optical atomic clocks can offer instabilities as low as 4.8x10-17 in a second, opening myriad possibilities for precision sensors addressing NASA’s core interests including accurate positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) onboard a spacecraft as well as the measurement of weak gravitational fields in near-zero gravity. Rydberg-atom based quantum sensors offer similarly dramatic improvements for electric field and microwave measurements. However, the most promising optical atomic clock platforms (e.g., Sr and Yb lattice clocks and Sr+ and Yb+ trapped ion clocks) and Rydberg-atom based sensor platforms can only operate reliably in laboratory environments, largely due to their reliance on the environmentally susceptible, high-SWaP infrastructure required to frequency stabilize multiple lasers across the visible and near-infrared spectral regions. OFCs are an ideal substitute that can significantly reduce both SWaP and complexity of the optical atomic clock or quantum sensor. However, there is a clear and critical gap in field-deployable, low-SWaP, visible OFCs. Our proposed solution exploits rugged nonlinear micro-optic modules in telecom-style packaging to synthesize arbitrary visible frequencies from Vescent’s existing radiation-hardened, environmentally robust OFC.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

This proposed visible frequency comb platform addresses NASA’s research topic area S16.08 Atomic Quantum Sensors and Clocks – Critical technology gaps related to: (1) optical atomic clocks for measurements of gravitational field variations, time-variations of physical constants, detection of dark matter, etc. and (2) Rydberg atom quantum sensors for ultra-broadband, ultra-sensitive microwave receivers for earth observation sciences. The proposed technology is relevant to the following missions: DSAC, CLPS, ISS, and Artemis.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Non-NASA applications that would benefit from a low-SWaP visible frequency comb include: optical atomic clocks for navigation in GPS-denied environments, time and frequency transfer, ultra-low phase noise microwave generation for 5G-and-beyond wireless communications and radar sensing, dual comb and precision spectroscopy, and geodetic sensing for earthquake monitoring and construction projects.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S16.08-2021
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Atomic Quantum Sensor and Clocks
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Visible light phase and amplitude modulators for quantum sensors and clocks

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
ADVR, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
31948 Frontage Road, Bozeman, MT 59715
          
   
Phone:
          
(406) 522-0388                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Joshua Aller
          
   
E-mail:
          
jaller@advr-inc.com
          
   
Address:
          
31948 Frontage Road, MT 59715 - 8642
          
   
Phone:
          
(406) 522-0388                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Betsy Heckel
          
   
E-mail:
          
heckel@advr-inc.com
          
   
Address:
          
39148 Frontage Road, MT 59715 - 8642
          
   
Phone:
          
(406) 522-0388                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

This Phase I SBIR will lead to the development of key photonic components for use in high performance quantum sensors and clocks. AdvR proposes to develop very high performance phase and amplitude modulators for use at visible and ultra-violet wavelengths. The proposed innovation utilizes high performance, damage resistant optical waveguides with high speed traveling wave electrodes to provide integrated functionality. These components are expected to be used in a variety of NASA and non-NASA applications including cold atom and trapped ion systems for precision sensing, timing, and computing.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Quantum Computing

Quantum Communications

Quantum Networking

Ion Traps

Atomic Interferometry

Optical Clocks

Environmental Monitoring

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Random Number Generation

Secure Communications

Quantum Computing

Precision Spectroscopy

Environmental Monitoring

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S17.01-2144
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Technologies for Large-Scale Numerical Simulation
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 CHEM-ML MODEL FOR NON-EQUILIBRIUM CHEMISTRY IN HYPERSONIC FLOWS

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Karagozian & Case, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
700 N Brand Boulevard Suite 700, Glendale, CA 91203
          
   
Phone:
          
(818) 240-1919                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Joseph Abraham
          
   
E-mail:
          
abraham@kcse.com
          
   
Address:
          
700 N Brand Blvd, Suite 700, CA 91203 -
          
   
Phone:
          
(818) 240-1919                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Zach Smith
          
   
E-mail:
          
smith@kcse.com
          
   
Address:
          
700 N Brand Blvd, Suite 700, CA 91203 - 3215
          
   
Phone:
          
(818) 240-1919                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 6
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

The K&C team plans to propose efficient artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) based surrogate models (CHEM-ML) for non-equilibrium chemistry in hypersonic flows which is critical in designing hypersonic vehicles for space exploration. The CHEM-ML model can be coupled with reactive Navier-Stokes equations or high fidelity CFD models such as FUN3D and DPLR. In addition, CHEM-ML will be able to support both simple and complex chemical mechanisms. A deep operator network (DeepONet) will be employed to model the chemical kinetics in hypersonic flows such as gas-species reactions and gas surface reactions depending on the velocity, altitude and the materials of the hypersonic vehicle. DeepONet is based on the universal approximation of nonlinear operators which is suggestive of the potential application of neural networks in learning nonlinear operators from data. DeepONet can learn the stiff temporal evolution of chemical species’ mass fractions over a given duration during offline training, so that during a prospective simulation inference from the learned algorithm can evolve the thermo-chemical state at a rate comparable to the hydrodynamic time scale, but without sacrificing the fidelity of the chemical system’s transition path. Note that K&C team has recent experience with DeepONet models for stiff chemical kinetics problems which were successfully used in reactive flow CFD simulations to speed up the calculation by over x1000 times. The K&C team is poised to develop a model for a variety of chemical reaction mechanisms despite the short period of performance for Phase I due to the extensive expertise and existing DeepONet tools already used by K&C.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Potential for NASA space missions in both Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) and Science Mission Directorate (SMD) with an EDL segment. Missions depend on aerothermal CFD to define critical flight environments and would see significant, sustained reductions in cost and time-to-solution if an effective ML-based model is deployed. The scope has strong crosscutting benefits for tools used by ARMD to simulate airbreathing hypersonic vehicles, which have stringent accuracy requirements like those in aerothermodynamics.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The CHEM-ML non-NASA market is extensive and covers Government, private sector, and academia from various scientific fields. The market size for the Phase II product includes all scientists and researchers working on reactive flows. The market includes a variety of applications such as: 1) weapon effects, 2) agent defeat, 3) modeling of hypersonic plumes, 4) propulsion, 5) combustion engines, etc.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S17.02-1070
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Integrated Campaign and System Modeling
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 AISE: AI for Systems Engineering, a Digital Design Assistant

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Orbital Transports, Inc
          
   
Address:
          
965 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60642
          
   
Phone:
          
(773) 218-6151                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
David Hurst
          
   
E-mail:
          
dhurst@orbitaltransports.com
          
   
Address:
          
965 W Chicago Ave, IL 60642 - 5413
          
   
Phone:
          
(773) 218-6151                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
David Hurst
          
   
E-mail:
          
dhurst@orbitaltransports.com
          
   
Address:
          
965 W Chicago Ave, IL 60642 - 5413
          
   
Phone:
          
(773) 218-6151                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 3
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

To address NASA’s need for advanced model-based systems engineering (MBSE) methods and tools that integrate digital engineering and science activities across the entirety of the mission and program life cycle, Orbital Transports proposes to develop AI for Systems Engineering (AISE), an innovative digital design assistant to provide semantic search and classification of systems design work products enabling reuse of systems models in new missions and contexts. Historically, knowledge about a system or its context would be siloed within a single mission or even a single project. AISE will make system models and institutional systems engineering knowledge broadly accessible across the organization for use with other missions and programs, greatly accelerating risk-informed and evidence-based decision making.

The proposed digital design assistant utilizes OpenAI’s Generative Pre-Trained Transformer 3 (GPT-3) to identify and classify systems engineering models expressed in SysML v2 for retrieval from a repository of SysML v2 models using symmetric and asymmetric queries. Symmetric queries use an engineer’s current work context to recommend similar models from the repository developed within the organization in different projects and contexts, reducing redundancy and errors, thus streamlining development by encouraging reuse of previously validated work products. Asymmetric queries enable NASA engineers to use naturalistic, free-form prompts to pursue effective lines of inquiry through the repository, easily finding relevant engineering designs and work products even when the exact target of search is not clearly known or well-formed.

The Phase I effort will validate methods for extracting and saving embeddings of SysML v2 work products, and for processing symmetric and asymmetric searches of a repository of systems models. The proposed effort will deliver a proof-of-concept demonstrating these methods to support efficient retrieval and usage of organization work products.

 

 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

AISE will help NASA teams and projects achieve higher value collaboration across all programs, teams and stages of the NASA life cycle. This work will also support decision making within projects by facilitating access to information and evidence in designs and work products, accelerating evidence-based decision-making. Access to industry partner-generated designs and work products as part of the proposed innovation will enhance inter-agency and NASA/industry collaboration while promoting data-centric information exchange.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Customers for AISE products include commercial groups and Government agencies deploying MBSE with significant needs: to make system models and institutional knowledge accessible across their organization; to identify models for normalization and reuse in ongoing design and future development; and to utilize previously validated models, reducing errors and streamlining development.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- S17.04-1642
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Application of Artificial Intelligence for Science Modeling and Instrumentation
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 DAPE: Data Assimilation and Model Parameterization for Earth Science

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
EnviTrace LLC
          
   
Address:
          
1048 Mansion Ridge Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501
          
   
Phone:
          
(505) 310-4367                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Velimir Vesselinov
          
   
E-mail:
          
velimir.vesselinov@gmail.com
          
   
Address:
          
2445 CAMINO CAPITAN, NM 87505 - 6467
          
   
Phone:
          
(505) 473-4150                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Tracy Kliphuis
          
   
E-mail:
          
trais.kliphuis@gmail.com
          
   
Address:
          
1048 Mansion Ridge Road, NM 87501 - 1050
          
   
Phone:
          
(505) 310-4367                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 4
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

 

 

We will develop methods and a software framework for data assimilation and parameterization (DAPE) using Unsupervised and Physics-Informed Machine-Learning (UML and PIML). We will apply DAPE to parameterize processes represented by the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) Hydrological Model. VIC is critical for simulating surface/subsurface water flow in several Earth System Models (ESMs).

DAPE will be capable of assimilating and merging discrete in-situ (e.g., weather/gage stations, monitoring wells) and continuous (e.g., satellite/airborne/geophysics images) datasets. DAPE will apply ML to generate high-resolution spatiotemporal mappings of the meteorologic, surface water, and groundwater parameters (e.g., precipitation, evapotranspiration, infiltration, surface runoff, soil moisture, temperature, and heat flux). The mappings will be applied to parameterize the surface water and groundwater flow in the VIC model. The parameterization will combine analyses of field measurements, remote data, and modeling outputs.

In the next project phases, we will apply DAPE to develop a PIML model representing all energy/mass balance processes simulated in VIC. We will also address VIC limitations related to lateral surface-water/groundwater flow. We will also explore alternative models (PRMS, Noah-LSM, Noah-MP). We will evaluate the impacts of input and conceptual model uncertainties on the predictive uncertainties. We will also analyze NOAA/NASA satellite images representing land surface water and energy dynamics. We will also explore how the ML analyses of these datasets will impact the characterization, parameterization, and prediction of Earth system processes, with an emphasis on floods and droughts. These analyses will account for anthropogenic activities and climatic changes. We will apply our work to update the Livneh dataset. 

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

Applications are aligned with the NASA/NOAA projects aimed to characterize Earth science processes using remote sensing and in-situ measurements. Some of the projects are NASA/NOAA’s Global Temperature/Climate initiative, Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission, Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS/JPSS-2), Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Program (GOES),  International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP), Global Energy and Water Exchanges (GEWEX), and Aqua Earth-observing satellite mission.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Or software will help industries develop smart and safe technologies related to water resources and support stakeholders to make scientifically-defensible decisions. Potential DAPE customers are also academia and research institutions. Target sectors include insurance, agriculture, water supply, food/energy production and other federal agencies including NOAA, DOE, EPA, and USDA.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- Z1.05-1735
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lunar and Planetary Surface Power Management and Distribution
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Blue Laser Long Range Remote Beaming System

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
NUBURU Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
7442 Tucson Way, Suite 130, Centennial, CO 80112
          
   
Phone:
          
(636) 578-1567                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Adam Paricio-Moreau
          
   
E-mail:
          
adam.moreau@nuburu.net
          
   
Address:
          
7442 Tucson Way, Suite 130, CO 80112 - 3999
          
   
Phone:
          
(512) 965-4661                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mark Zediker
          
   
E-mail:
          
mark.zediker@nuburu.net
          
   
Address:
          
7442 Tucson Way, Suite 130, CO 80112 - 3999
          
   
Phone:
          
(636) 578-1567                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 1
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

NUBURU is proposing a high power blue laser based power beaming system to provide up to 1kW of electrical power at a remote site, 1GPS bi-directional lasercom data link between terminals, and, because the laser is visible, unaided visual navigation from one site to the next.   The system can be configured as a point-to-point system or a broadcast system depending on the needs of the mission. This approach to power distribution on either the lunar surface or other planets such as Mars eliminates the need to bring heavy equipment to these sites to install copper or aluminum wires.  Given the cost of lifting a kg of weight to these worlds, it is clear that power beaming is an ideal solution.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

NASA identified the weight of transporting copper or aluminum wires as a significant issue for distributing power on a lunar or planetary base to remote locations. The cost of lifting equipment to the moon is about $1.8M/kg (NASA spaceflight forum). Due to space's commercialization, these costs are lowering and attempts have reached lunar orbit, but none have successfully landed. The cost goes up at least 5x when placing a system on Mars. Thus, it's uneconomical to transport wire or even its raw materials. Power beaming is a realistic solution.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

The system will be deployable in minutes, restoring power to critical areas. Applications include temporary power to distressed areas damaged by war or natural disasters and power distribution at temporary remote depots, which allow the depots to be set up and removed rapidly. This capability should be of interest to DOD. FEMA may also be interested in the temporary power capability.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- Z1.05-2323
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lunar and Planetary Surface Power Management and Distribution
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Radiation-Tolerant, High-Voltage Bidirectional DC-DC Converter PMIC

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Alphacore, Inc.
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, Tempe, AZ 85288
          
   
Phone:
          
(480) 494-5618                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Marek Turowski
          
   
E-mail:
          
marek.turowski@alphacoreinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, AZ 85288 - 3052
          
   
Phone:
          
(256) 479-8315                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Dr. Esko Mikkola
          
   
E-mail:
          
esko.mikkola@alphacoreinc.com
          
   
Address:
          
304 South Rockford Drive, AZ 85288 - 3052
          
   
Phone:
          
(520) 647-4445                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 2
End: 3
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

In response to the NASA SBIR topic Z1.05-1 “Radiation-Tolerant, High-Voltage Converters for Lunar and Mars Missions”, Alphacore Inc. will develop a 1kW, 100-Vdc to 1,000-Vdc radiation-tolerant, bidirectional, high-voltage, high-gain, lightweight, high-efficiency, DC-DC converter based on a mixed-signal (analog/digital) power management integrated circuit (PMIC) driving external Wide Band Gap (WBG) gallium nitride (GaN) or silicon carbide (SiC) field effect transistors (FETs) and passive components (inductors, transformers, capacitors). Other important characteristics are wide temperature (-150 ºC to 150 ºC) operation, high power density (>2 kW/kg), and high efficiency (>96%). While WBG discrete FETs are to some degree radiation-tolerant, their control/drive integrated circuits (ICs) are not. Alphacore PMIC satisfies the need for a radiation-tolerant, high-voltage, high-gain, lightweight controller/driver of WBG power FETs.

The developed PMIC will have a reduced component count, enabling reduced failure modes, and smaller area of PCB (printed circuit board).  It will include over-voltage protection, fault tolerance, load monitoring, as well as allow control and status monitoring by a remote power system controller. This PMIC includes all controller circuitry and drivers integrated in a single package and drives an external WBG-based power stage.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

These PMICs will bring significant value to Lunar and Planetary Surface Power Management and Distribution as well as NASA Programs and Directorates, including Aeronautics, Human Exploration, Science, Space Technology, Artemis, and Gateway, among others. The PMIC will enable NASA Decadal Strategy for Planetary Science and Astrobiology 2023-2032 per following examples. Artemis Base Camp power systems. Mars power system concepts. Lucy and Psyche solar arrays for power. Radioactive decay electric power. Future  solar power generation and storage.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Target applications include high-voltage power switching and power conversion, grid power and battery chargers for  electric cars. The rise in demand for telecommunications, autonomous and electric vehicles, and industrial robots is expected to be a significant driver to commercial market segments. Alphacore’s PMIC fulfills all those needs, with specifications that exceed its known competitors.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- Z1.05-2421
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Lunar and Planetary Surface Power Management and Distribution
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Lightweight ultra-strong flexible power cables from metallic nanoparticles and aramid nanofibers

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
Amphionic, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
875 North Lima Center Road, Dexter, MI 48130
          
   
Phone:
          
(734) 660-9412                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Mr. Suneel Joglekar
          
   
E-mail:
          
suneel@amphionic.com
          
   
Address:
          
875 North Lima Center Road, 48130 - 9769
          
   
Phone:
          
(765) 609-1308                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Business Official:

   
Name:
          
Mark Hammig
          
   
E-mail:
          
hammig@yahoo.com
          
   
Address:
          
875 N. Lima Center Road, MI 48130 - 9769
          
   
Phone:
          
(734) 660-9412                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Summary Details:

   
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :                                                                                                                                                          
Begin: 4
End: 5
          
          
     
Technical Abstract (Limit 2000 characters):

This SBIR Phase I project will develop lightweight, high-strength, temperature-resilient copper-based cabling derived from a facile manufacturing process. In previous work, large volumetric fractions of gold, silver, and copper nanoparticles (NPs) were incorporated into a porous aramid nanofiber (ANF) matrix to realize films that have high electrical conductivity, yet maintain superior mechanical strength, properties that are usually hard to achieve simultaneously. Furthermore, the composite films demonstrate excellent flexibility, which is superior to other related classes of reported flexible conductors includng carbon based nanomaterials (CNTs and graphene) and other metallic nanomaterials. The unique network structure enables high electrical conductivity and robust mechanical behavior of the metal-ANF films. Most pertinently for mass-restrictive applications, we previously demonstrated that planar copper-ANF composites had ~90 % less mass density than solid copper, but with electrical properties (conductivity, ampacity) that were at least 33 % of the bulk value. During Phase I, we will extend the previous demonstrations done with planar conductors to copper-ANF cylindrical and hollow wires that are relevant to planetary power-handling that require mass-efficient, environmentally-robust materials. We will first find the lower limits of achievable mass that still provides acceptable conductivity, ampacity, and strength in both cylindrical and polygonal cross-sectional solids. We will then characterize the conductive and insulating properties of self-insulated solids, in which the ANF can be functionalized with various levels of conductivity. Finally, we will design manufacturing tools to scale-up the production of the solids.

          
          
     
Potential NASA Applications (Limit 550 characters):

The high-strength, reduced mass conductor material modality is multi-use and cross-cutting for a broad range of NASA mission applications, whether that includes hybrid electric aeronautical craft or spacecraft. For space applications, the innovation can be used for sample-return spacecraft bodies, planetary surface power, large-scale spacecraft prime power, small-scale robotic probe power, and small-sat power. For aeronautical applications, the low-mass wiring can efficiently distribute power to aircraft propulsors with minimal mass overhead.

          
          
     
Potential Non-NASA Applications (Limit 400 characters):

Lightweight metals can substantially impact the terrestrial electric vehicle and power-transmission markets. Energy storage systems must be flexible, robust, lightweight, and exhibit superior electrochemical activity. Furthermore, robust, flexible conductors are needed to meet the rapidly growing demand in smart sensors, roll-up displays, and other applications with unconventional form factors.

          
          
     
Duration:     6
          
          

PROPOSAL NUMBER:
 23-1- Z10.01-1090
SUBTOPIC TITLE:
 Cryogenic Fluid Management
PROPOSAL TITLE:
 Flight-Weight Cryogenic Cam Butterfly Valve

Small Business Concern

   
Firm:
          
C-Suite Services, LLC
          
   
Address:
          
114 Mulberry Drive, Metairie, LA 70005
          
   
Phone:
          
(303) 594-4300                                                                                                                                                                                
          

Principal Investigator:

   
Name:
          
Kevin Pollard
          
   
E-mail:
          
khpollard@gmail.com
          
   
Address:
          
114 Mulberry Drive, LA 70005 - 4015