NASA SBIR 2018-I Solicitation

Proposal Summary

 18-1- S1.09-7833
 Cryogenic Systems for Sensors and Detectors
 Compact, Low Current Superconductor Coil Operating Above 15 K for Magnetic Cooling
SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
55 Middlesex Street, Suite 205
North Chelmsford , MA 01863-1561
(978) 455-7182

Principal Investigator (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Alexander Otto
55 Middlesex St., Suite 205 N. Chelmsford, MA 01863 - 1561
(978) 808-9016

Business Official (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Alexander Otto
55 Middlesex St., Suite 205 N. Chelmsford, MA 01863 - 1561
(978) 808-9016
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) :
Begin: 2
End: 4
Technical Abstract

Adiabatic Magnetic Refrigeration (ADR) can achieve much better efficiency, and with fewer moving parts than compressor-refrigerators, making it the choice for space-based instruments that require cooling to the sub-Kelvin range. The low operating currents required for space-based usage, the high operating current densities to keep weight and size down, as well as the benefits of higher operating temperature provided by our “2212” superconductor are unmatched by any other superconducting wire option for powering the ADR’s magnet. The innovation in this program consists of a compact, low current coil wound with a novel, very fine 2212 wire, that operates at about 6 A or lower, that generates in excess of 4 T and that operates at up to 25K (not 10K) with low hysteresis losses in ramped fields, very considerably exceeding the specifications in the guideline put forward by NASA, and exceeding even more so, present state-of-the-art ADR coil capabilities. As a first step, the prototype 2212-based fine wire will be designed and fabricated, with process development to achieve the above described properties. Based on these results, longer length prototype sections will be produced at best design and mode conditions, followed by testing to validate scalability. As a final step, a subscale test coil will be wound and tested with same bore size as the current, low temperature superconductor-based coils, in order to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating an ADR- type of coil with this wire.

Potential NASA Applications

Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerators (ADR’s) for sub-Kelvin cooling of, for example , Xray calorimeters, and other similar instruments.

Magnetic shielding

Magnetostrictive cryogenic actuators and valves

Potential Non-NASA Applications


Small hand held magnets to replace permanent magnets, thereby enabling field level adjustment and turning off the magnet for medical applications.

Specialty, very low loss cables produced by cabling, for ac and ramped field magnets in motors, generators.

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