NASA SBIR 2017 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 171 H3.02-9523
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Environmental Monitoring for Spacecraft Cabins
PROPOSAL TITLE: Wearable Personal Hydrazine Monitoring System

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Warner Babcock Institute for Green Chemistry
100 Research Drive
Wilmington, MA 01887 - 4460
(978) 229-5400

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr John C Warner
100 Research Dr
Wilmington, MA 01887 - 4460
(978) 229-5420

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr David Wolf
100 Research Drive
Wilmington, MA 01887 - 4460
(978) 229-5400

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 2
End: 4

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Environmental Monitoring for Spacecraft Cabins is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
We propose to develop a rapid, high sensitivity, personal monitoring device for hydrazine that is based upon the Surface Triggering of Propagated Crystal Lattice Destabilization (STPCLD) phenomenon. This represents a novel approach to rapid, high sensitivity sensors and is based upon noncovalent derivatization (NCD). The sensor will consist of a two-dimensional cocrystal film of a hydrazine-interacting molecule and a color-forming molecule. When bound within the crystal, the color-former is not colored, but when the crystal liquefies, the color-former takes on color. The uncolored crystal is maintained just below its phase transition temperature. When hydrazine interacts with one of the hydrazine-interacting molecules, it causes a defect in the two-dimensional lattice. Because the composition is chosen near the crystal melting temperature, the crystal is entropically poised to melt. A local liquefication occurs, which spreads rapidly along crystal dislocations.

The specific objectives are:

1. To synthesize and prepare a set of bis-phthalimide derivatives for testing as hydrazine-interactive substrates.
2. To test the set of bis-phthalimide derivatives as hydrazine-interactive substrates for hydrazine induced melting.
a. To determine the best substrate.
b. To determine the ideal operating temperature.
c. To determine the sensitivity to hydrazine and ammonia.
3. To design Phase II configuration.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
WBI's hydrazine monitoring system is designed to meet NASA's mission goal for Environmental Monitoring, particularly for occupants of the ISS and subsequent extended space missions as well as during fueling. Our system is designed to meet the requirements of: requiring no ground analysis, limited crew time, miniaturization, low power consumption, no need for calibration. Because of the nature of the sensing element, replacement is only necessary when an adverse hydrazine event occurs. The proposed device will provide a significantly more rapid warning of potential hydrazine danger than existing systems.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Hydrazine monitoring is a very significant problem faced by US industries. The US industrial hydrazine market size was $355.7 million in 2015 and is growing at a CAGR of 4.9%. Globally, the hydrazine market is forecasted to reach $547 million by 2024. According to the Royal Chemical Society, there are ~ 100 million Kg of hydrazine produced per year worldwide. In the United States, the CDC has identified 45 chemical companies that manufacture or process significant amounts of hydrazine. Thus, there is a very significant market for hydrazine monitoring to protect the safety of personnel.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Air Transportation & Safety
Analytical Instruments (Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Energy; see also Sensors)
Analytical Methods
Biological (see also Biological Health/Life Support)
Chemical/Environmental (see also Biological Health/Life Support)
Health Monitoring & Sensing (see also Sensors)
Smart/Multifunctional Materials
Space Transportation & Safety

Form Generated on 04-19-17 12:59