NASA SBIR 2014 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 14-1 S3.07-9763
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Thermal Control Systems
PROPOSAL TITLE: Hybrid Heat Pipes for High Heat Flux Applications

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc.
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601 - 5688
(717) 295-6061

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Mohammed Ababneh
1046 New Holland Ave.
Lancaster, PA 17601 - 5688
(717) 295-6125

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
William Anderson
1046 New Holland Avenue
Lancaster, PA 17601 - 5688
(717) 295-6104

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 5

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Thermal Control Systems is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The thermal transport requirements for future spacecraft missions continue to increase, approaching several kilowatts. At the same time the heat acquisition areas have trended downward, thereby increasing the incident heat flux. Current incident heat flux for laser diode applications is on the order of 5-10W/cm2, although this is expected to increase towards 50W/cm2. This is a severe limitation for axial groove aluminum/ammonia constant conductance heat pipes (CCHPs). The maximum heat flux in a CCHP is set by the boiling limit, which typically start at 5 W/cm2 for axial grove wicks, and 20-30 W/cm2 for powder metal wicks. The innovation is to develop CCHPs with either a sintered wick, or a hybrid grooved and sintered wick. A hybrid grooved and sintered wick CCHP will allow operating at higher heat fluxes as compared to axial groove design and can also operate against gravity on the planetary surface, operate in space, carrying power over long distances, act as a thermosyphon on the planetary surface for Lunar and Martian landers and rovers, and demonstrate a higher transport capability than an all-sintered wick.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Hybrid wick CCHPs for high power electronics on spacecraft, and NASA landers and rovers is the immediate NASA application. Conventional grooved aluminum/ammonia CCHPs are heat flux limited and are only suitable for operation in space, or when they can be engineered to operate on a planetary surface in a gravity aided mode. The hybrid wicks developed on this program will remove this design constraint, and expand the design space to include higher heat flux operation and operation against gravity on future missions. Wicks developed on this program will enable the use of 3-D CCHPs for some NASA applications: with a hybrid wick, 3-D pipes can be fabricated and ground tested. Additional applications for the hybrid wick were identified, such as heat collecting and spreading for space based and planetary applications. Heat generating electronics are typically buried within an enclosure: the electronics will be mounted in various configurations on circuit cards and aluminum mounting planes. The goal is to accept and isothermalize the thermal load within the enclosure from the individual electronics components and transfer the energy to a location for heat. Strategically embedding heat pipes with hybrid wicks within these planes relevant to the high power components can increase the effective thermal conductivity by 2 to 4 times. These high conductivity plates are essential in the overall Thermal Management System for NASA electronics enclosures applications.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The maximum allowable evaporator heat flux in a grooved pipe is relatively low, typically 10-15 W/cm2. As spacecraft electronics increase in power and packing density, this can present a thermal control problem. Sintered wicks have much higher evaporator heat flux limits, typically four times higher than grooved wicks. The main non-NASA application will be for CCHPs that remove waste heat from high power components on commercial and military spacecraft. Several interested commercial customers in this technology development have been identified, for cooling of laser based components to high heat flux components on-board commercial satellites. Due to the intensive requirements on Military systems for electronics, there are also severe high heat flux cooling requirements. A hybrid wick CCHP with high heat flux capabilities would be highly beneficial. There are cost and mass penalties to competing technologies, such as Loop Heat Pipes and thermal spreaders.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Passive Systems

Form Generated on 04-23-14 17:37