NASA SBIR 2014 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 14-1 H3.04-9932
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Development of Treatment Technologies and Process Monitoring for Water Recovery
PROPOSAL TITLE: Organoselenium Surface Modification of Stainless Steel Surfaces To Prevent Biofouling in Treatment of Space Wastestreams

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Selenium, Ltd.
11412 Bee Caves Road, Suite 300
Austin, TX 78738 - 5515
(512) 697-8219

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Robert E Hanes
11412 Bee Caves Road
Austin, TX 78738 - 5515
(512) 697-8216

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dawn Boos
11412 Bee Caves Road, Suite 300
AUSTIN, TX 78738 - 5515
(512) 697-8222

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 5

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Development of Treatment Technologies and Process Monitoring for Water Recovery is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The objective of this work is to quantify the reduction of biofilm formation in a water distribution system resulting from an organoselenium surface coating on stainless steel pipes and fittings. Differentiated from currently marketed antimicrobials, selenium, is permanent, catalytic and does not leach into the environment. This will reduce the problems associated with biofilm growth and fouling in the water recycling system.. Thus, we could draw quantifiable conclusions about the system performance for long term missions in complex water treatment systems containing organoselenium coatings and provide the data to NASA engineers who may then make an assessment as to whether or not this is a viable technology to reduce the need for biocides, reduce ESM, and potentially impact NASA by decreasing the chemical burden for treatment which would decrease payload mass and downtime affecting astronauts' efficiency.
The project will quantify the impact of an organoselenium surface coating within stainless steel pipes and fittings on product water quality and service life of the pipes and fittings over time.
Objective 1. Optimize the attachment of organoselenium to the surface of stainless steel to achieve the greatest and most reliable reduction in biofilm growth and formation.
Objective 2. Assess performance of the organoselenium surface treatment of stainless steel pipes and fittings in a bench-scale system over varied periods of time (i.e. 1 week, 1 month, 3 months) against biofilm accumulation and service capacity.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
If successful, the use of organoselenium coatings to prevent bacterial colonization and/or biofouling may be applied to potable and wastewater piping infrastructure and treatment systems. Additionally, these organoselenium compounds may be applied to any hard surface to achieve a permanently efficacious environment to combat the growth and proliferation of bacteria. These surface coatings may also be applied to medical instruments, devices and wound care products to combat infection. While this application focuses on a surface coating, the same organoselenium compounds may be modified to be applied as a polymer additive suitable for numerous plastic component applications which require protection against bacteria and biofilm colonization.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The uses for antimicrobial coatings are nearly limitless ranging from industrial to medical applications. While there are many antimicrobial technologies, the organoselenium compounds have several unique advantages including their ability to remain covalently attached providing permanence in their activity. Thus, applications which have a need for long term biofilm protection are most suitable. To date, the technology has been used in dental and orthodontic applications, medical device implants, water filtration spacer netting, plastic water tubing and reverse osmosis membranes.
If the objectives of this grant are successfully achieved, the use of the organoselenium compounds on metal piping would likely lead to opportunities in oil and gas, water transport and other similar applications susceptible to biofouling.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Biomass Growth
Coatings/Surface Treatments
Essential Life Resources (Oxygen, Water, Nutrients)
Lifetime Testing
Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE; NDT)
Waste Storage/Treatment

Form Generated on 04-23-14 17:37