NASA SBIR 2014 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 14-1 H3.01-9786
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Thermal Control for Future Human Exploration Vehicles
PROPOSAL TITLE: Space Evaporator Absorber Radiator (SEAR) for Thermal Storage on Manned Spacecraft

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Creare, Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755 - 3116
(603) 643-3800

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Michael Izenson
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755 - 3116
(603) 643-3800 Extension :2405

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Robert Kline-Schoder
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755 - 3116
(603) 643-3800 Extension :2487

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 4

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Thermal Control for Future Human Exploration Vehicles is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
Future manned exploration spacecraft will need to operate in challenging thermal environments. State-of-the-art technology for active thermal control relies on sublimating water ice and venting the vapor overboard in very hot environments. This approach can lead to large loss of water and a significant mass penalty for the spacecraft. We propose to develop a Space Evaporator Absorber Radiator (SEAR) that uses heat pumping and energy storage by LiCl/water absorption to enable thermal control without venting water even in the most adverse thermal conditions. The LiCl absorber technology has the potential to absorb over 800 kJ per kg of system mass, compared to phase change heat sink systems that typically achieve ~50 kJ/kg. Successful, subscale tests have already shown the potential for significant mass savings and radiator size reduction. We propose to develop an experimental package that will enable SEAR testing on ISS. In Phase I we will prove feasibility by assessing thermal environments for future exploration spacecraft, designing the thermal control system, and producing a conceptual design for an ISS test package. In Phase II we will design, build, and test a prototype experimental package suitable for demonstrating SEAR performance in an ISS internal rack.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
NASA can use the SEAR in active thermal control systems for future, manned exploration spacecraft. A key application will be manned lunar orbiters, which will experience extreme, cyclic thermal environments. The SEAR can save hundreds of kilograms of water and store more thermal energy than conventional systems that employ sublimators or phase-change materials. The SEAR technology can also be used as a heat rejection system for future exploration space suits. SEAR systems can save a tremendous amount of water compared to conventional venting systems.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
SEAR technology can be adapted for use as a compact, regenerative, heat-driven dehumidification system for terrestrial applications where small size and light weight are critical. The system enables the same performance as liquid desiccant systems but without the complexity of recirculating liquid solution. The SEAR could be used in either a swing bed or enthalpy wheel type configuration. Applications include vehicular climate control systems and container based, industrial dehumidification systems.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Active Systems

Form Generated on 04-23-14 17:37