NASA SBIR 2014 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 14-1 H12.03-9068
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Objective Sleep Measures for Spaceflight Operations
PROPOSAL TITLE: Circadian Rhythm Management System

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Orbital Research, Inc.
4415 Euclid Avenue, Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103 - 3757
(216) 649-0399

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
David D Dashevsky
dashevsky@orbitalresearch.com
4415 Euclid Avenue, STE 500
Cleveland, OH 44103 - 3757
(216) 649-0399 Extension :135

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Joseph T Snyder
snyder@orbitalresearch.com
4415 Euclid Avenue, Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44103 - 3757
(216) 649-0399 Extension :119

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 5

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Objective Sleep Measures for Spaceflight Operations is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?
No

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The value of measuring sleep-wake cycles is significantly enhanced by measuring other physiological signals that depend on circadian rhythms (such as heart rate and temperature) and environmental conditions that are known zeitgebers, such as light exposure. As a result, a more complete picture of crewmember circadian rhythms and the environmental factors that entrain them will aid in determining adequate sleep levels and the countermeasures necessary to achieve them. In order to maximize safety, performance, and research value, crewmembers are in need of a device that unobtrusively measures sleep-wake cycles alongside environmental factors. This device must measure and communicate these signals while requiring very little crew overhead, a low energy budget, and a radically long battery life.
Orbital Research Inc. (Cleveland, OH), with academic and commercial partners, proposes to design and prototype a Circadian Rhythm Measurement System (CRMS). Orbital envisions the CRMS to be a compact, light-weight unit worn on the upper part of the non-dominant arm. In contrast with more common wrist-worn devices, this positioning will provide additional battery space for energy storage and access to rich biological signals (heart rate and skin temperature). A consumer fitness device marketed by Orbital's commercial partner that makes use of upper-arm positioning has proven to be comfortable and inconspicuous to tasks involving the hands. The Orbital CRMS effort will focus on extremely energy-conscious design and minimally obtrusive user experience. The final product will measure sleep/wake cycles alongside heart rate, skin temperature, and light exposure without required intervention for 2 weeks or longer, transmit daily (or more frequent as needed) reports to an ISS computer automatically, and will provide feedback to the user upon request. Orbital will heavily leverage its existing technology and expertise to achieve these design goals.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The proposed design would be of immediate utility to ISS crewmembers. The CRMS would allow astronauts to free the task of self-reporting sleep from their workloads. The rich dataset available to flight surgeons and mission planners will aid in designing fatigue countermeasures. The greater understanding of circadian rhythms gained by the research community from this rich dataset will enable more intelligent design of circadian entrainment strategies for low earth orbit missions and beyond. Orbital will partner with BodyMedia to manufacture units that will be sold to NASA.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Consumer devices that measure and report personal physiological data represent a significant recent increase in consumer electronics demand. Orbital will work with its commercial partner BodyMedia to incorporate improved sleep analysis and battery-extending technologies developed during this program in commercial personal fitness devices. In addition to personal fitness applications, companies may incorporate this data into their employee health strategies.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Biological (see also Biological Health/Life Support)
Health Monitoring & Sensing (see also Sensors)
Medical
Physiological/Psychological Countermeasures

Form Generated on 04-23-14 17:37