NASA SBIR 2012 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 12-2 H12.02-9697
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Exploration Medical Capability - Medical Suction Capability
PROPOSAL TITLE: Advanced Capabilities Medical Suction Device

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
UMPQUA Research Company
P.O. Box 609
Myrtle Creek, OR 97457 - 0102
(541) 863-7770

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
William F. Michalek
PO Box 609
Myrtle Creek, OR 97457 - 0102
(541) 863-2654

CORPORATE/BUSINESS OFFICIAL (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
John S. Aker
P.O. Box 609
Myrtle Creek, OR 97457 - 0102
(541) 863-2655

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 4
End: 5

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Exploration Medical Capability - Medical Suction Capability is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award?

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
An innovative Microgravity Compatible Medical Suction Device (MCMSD) is proposed for the efficient aspiration and containment of bodily fluids and vomitus in a microgravity environment without the release of infectious agents. A design developed and tested in the Phase I work consisted of a reusable vacuum shell and disposable cartridges. Cartridges were capable of retaining bodily fluid simulants including saline solution, yogurt, cottage cheese, and a bovine blood/saline mixture with no release of fluids to the environment or vacuum system. The cartridge design has been advanced to include cartridges capable of retaining fluid mixtures with high solids content and direct collection of vomitus from affected individuals. The Phase II effort will build upon the highly successful feasibility demonstration resulting in the development of a prototype MCMSD consisting of a rigid vacuum shell and collapsible/disposable cartridges capable of gravity independent collection and retention of up to 1.3 liters of biological fluids/solids.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The NASA application for the (MCMSD) technology will be as Flight Hardware for deployment in support of future, long duration exploration missions to Mars or other Near Earth Objects (NEOs) where the availability of emergency medical support will be highly valued. Many medical procedures require aspiration, such as removal of saliva and blood during dental procedures; blood and loose tissue during surgery; or vomit, mucous, and saliva during airway management. The MCMSD provides a simple, energy efficient microgravity compatible method to trap and contain blood, urine, saline rinse water, vomitus, and other multi-phase biological materials. The MCMSD irreversibly traps these biological materials in a porous matrix and retains infectious agents from the aspirator gas stream while eliminating the possibility of spillage. The MCMSD fills the medical need for aspiration where there is currently no commercially available device that will effectively and cleanly aspirate biological materials in microgravity.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The MCMSD technology is gravity independent and can be used both in microgravity on commercial space flights and terrestrially by emergency medical personnel. In both military and civilian emergency medicine, aspirator collection consists of a gravity dependent reservoir connected to a vacuum source. The reservoir must remain vertical to prevent blockage/damage of the vacuum pump and guard valves. Excessive tipping or jostling of the reservoir can result in loss of suction. The operation of the MCMSD is not affected by orientation to Earth gravity field and allows medical personnel to focus on the patient and not on an aspirator reservoir. Additionally, the MCMSD cartridge is sealed and disposed of, while a reservoir must be manually emptied resulting in possible exposure of medical personnel to infectious agents. These advantages make the MCMSD the clear choice when trouble-free aspiration is required 'in the field' or during transportation of the patient.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)

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