NASA SBIR 2011 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 11-2 S3.05-8573
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Power Electronics and Management, and Energy Storage
PROPOSAL TITLE: Simulation Environment for Power Management and Distribution Development

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
PC Krause and Associates, Inc.
3000 Kent Avenue, Suite C1-100
West Lafayette, IN 47906 - 1075
(765) 464-8997

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Benjamin Loop
3000 Kent Avenue, Suite C1-100
West Lafayette, IN 47906 - 1075
(765) 464-8997 Extension :224

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 3
End: 4

Technology Available (TAV) Subtopics
Power Electronics and Management, and Energy Storage is a Technology Available (TAV) subtopic that includes NASA Intellectual Property (IP). Do you plan to use the NASA IP under the award? No

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The overall objective of this research project is to investigate autonomous control architectures for spacecraft power systems. Such techniques will be critical for deep space missions that face inhospitable environments, unpredictable operating conditions, and communication delays. The distributed nature of agent-based control will also support plug-and-play capabilities for modular power systems. The first main focus of the Phase II effort is to expand and refine the International Space Station (ISS) model library created in the Phase I. This will enable advanced energy management studies by supporting the interconnection of multiple channels. In addition, hardware validation of both component and system models will be pursued. Finally, Distributed Heterogeneous Simulation will be applied to the system models to accelerate simulation speed. The second main focus of the Phase II will be to utilize the simulation environment to investigate agent-based autonomous controls. In particular, the ability of agent-based controls to perform in scenarios that stress conventional controls will be analyzed. This ability will also be examined when communication constraints (such as sample rates and latencies) and packet loss are present. Lastly, the ISS system model will be integrated with hardware agent emulators setting the stage for hardware experimentation in future efforts.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The most obvious and immediate NASA application for this technology is the ISS, which was used as the demonstration system for the Phase I. The ISS has a complex electrical power system that is redundant and segmented in nature. In addition, several factors including humans-in-the-loop and communication latency make the investigation into autonomous control of the ISS attractive. NASA's Advanced Modular Power System (AMPS) program is another potential application. The repeated use of modular components is particularly well-suited to analysis with a model library where parameters are flexible but the underlying mathematical model is the same. Additionally, an agent-based control scheme could provide modularity and plug-and-play capability to the controls as well as the electrical components. The wide applicability of the demonstrated approach enables this technology to also be applied to other robust and autonomous electrical power systems such as satellites, landers, rovers and other isolated or limited contact vehicles used during space missions.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Other types of power systems can take advantage of the simulation architecture and proposed control approach. For example, terrestrial microgrid based systems that incorporate renewable energy sources are similar in nature to the ISS. These applications could include military operating bases or large office buildings. It should be noted that these systems can be either ac or dc in nature; however, the overall modeling environment and control structure can be largely the same. In the case of terrestrial microgrids, the simulation environment will provide (1) an inexpensive and fast means of simulating a detailed model (three-phase detail) of the dynamic system's electromechanical characteristics during isolated or near-isolated operation with potential new nuclear, solar, or wind power sources; (2) information to electric grid researchers regarding the control and aggregation of renewable energy sources which can lead to better informed decisions of stability and future system planning; and (3) an opportunity to electric grid system operators to evaluate the feasibility and advantages of a real-time or near-real-time simulation in the control of an electric grid for online dynamic security assessment, system control and/or reconfiguring, robustness to loss of system components, and operator training of a larger scale electric grid.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Autonomous Control (see also Control & Monitoring)
Mission Training
Models & Simulations (see also Testing & Evaluation)

Form Generated on 09-03-12 17:04