NASA SBIR 2011 Solicitation
FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY
||Radiation Shielding Materials Systems
||Space Station Validation of Advanced Radiation-Shielding Polymeric Materials
SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
International Scientific Technologies, Inc.
P.O. Box 757
Dublin, VA 24084 - 0757
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Russell J Churchill
P.O. Box 757
Dublin, VA 24084 - 0757
Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
In Subtopic X11.01, NASA has identified the need to develop advanced radiation-shielding materials and systems to protect humans from the hazards of space radiation during NASA missions. The radiation components of interest include protons, alpha particles and heavy ions from galactic cosmic rays, protons and other ions from solar particle events, and high energy electrons and neutrons. International Scientific Technologies, Inc., in conjunction with the College of William and Mary, proposes to raise the technology readiness level of selected polymeric radiation-shielding materials through participation in the Materials on the International Space Station Experiment program, named MISSE-X. Phase I Technical Objectives will include assessment of the radiation environment in the orbital path of the International Space Station, selection of radiation-shielding polymeric materials for long-duration experiments in space, specification of active detectors/dosimeters for measurements of radiation in space, and design and optimization of an experiment package for inclusion on the MISSE-X platform for space-radiation environmental study. The anticipated result of the Phase I program is a proof-of-feasibility that will show the path toward a Phase II technology demonstration on board the International Space Station.
POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The proposed approach to validation of passive radiation-shielding materials has NASA applications in evaluating the effects of the space environment on multifunctional nanocomposite materials capable of serving both as radiation shields and structural elements. These materials are being developed by International Scientific Technologies, Inc. Several NASA programs will be directly affected as a result of the Phase I and Phase II programs. The Human Research Program (HRP) is tasked with ensuring crew safety on long-duration space missions. Validation of radiation shielding on-board the International Space Station will support that task. HRP will also deliver a design tool to assess advanced radiation shielding on space vehicles. The Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Program will develop and demonstrate prototype systems for life support, habitation, and extravehicular activity (EVA).
POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Lightweight multifunctional radiation shielding will find application in the commercial sector in reducing collateral damage from heavy charged particles currently emerging as a therapeutic approach in nuclear medicine. The shielding will lead to decreased fatigue among medical personnel required to wear heavy protective garments during radiological procedures. Workers in industrial facilities using radiation for materials processing and in nuclear power facilities will also benefit from more-comfortable garments having reduced weight and thermal stress. The Departments of Defense and of Homeland Security applications include protection of soldiers, first responders and emergency medical personnel against high energy gamma radiation and neutrons resulting from so-called dirty bombs as well as from hazards brought about through accidental release of radiological materials. The uses of continuous monitoring of arrays of in-situ radiation sensors include evaluation of degradation of personal protective garments for biomedical, defense and homeland security applications.
TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Analytical Instruments (Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma, Energy; see also Sensors)
Isolation/Protection/Radiation Shielding (see also Mechanical Systems)
Protective Clothing/Space Suits/Breathing Apparatus
Form Generated on 11-22-11 13:43