NASA SBIR 2010 Solicitation


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 10-2 X10.01-8855
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Cryogenic Fluid Management Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE: An Advanced Wet Expansion Turbine for Hydrogen Liquefaction

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Creare, Inc.
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755 - 3116
(603) 643-3800

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Mark V Zagarola
P.O. Box 71
Hanover, NH 03755 - 3116
(603) 643-3800 Extension :2360

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 4
End: 5

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
This proposal is responsive to NASA SBIR Topic X10.01, specifically, the need for efficient small- to medium-scale hydrogen liquefaction technologies, including domestically produced wet cryogenic turboexpanders. Future NASA missions will require hydrogen liquefaction systems for spaceport, planetary, and lunar surface operations. A critical part of these systems is the cryogenic expansion turbines, which must be designed for high-speed operation and long life, and must be robust against the pressure and momentum excursions and the surface tension effects associated with two-phase flow. On the Phase I project, we identified and optimized a liquefaction system for spaceport operations. We demonstrated by analysis the benefits of using expansion turbines in the product stream instead of the customary Joule-Thomson throttle. We designed a set of high-performance turbines for use in these systems. On this Phase II project, we will demonstrate cryogenic expansion turbines for use in hydrogen liquefiers. The expansion turbines will be reliable, compact, lightweight, and efficient and will be able to operate in a two-phase system. They will have the innovative feature of recovering the expansion work through use of an alternator instead of dissipating work through a brake wheel. This approach greatly simplifies controls, improves reliability, and reduces system mass and input power.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The result of this Phase II project will be the demonstration of expansion turbines for small- to medium scale hydrogen liquefiers. These expansion turbines provide between 1.4 kW of refrigeration at nominally 80 K to 0.5 kW of refrigeration at 20 K. The turbines will be suitable for liquefiers for spaceport, planetary, and lunar surface operations. The turbines may also be used in high-capacity cryocoolers for cooling high temperature superconducting motors, generators, and transmission lines. These cryocoolers are needed for advanced superconducting electric aircraft being developed by NASA.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
The commercial potential of an advanced turboalternator are significant and include cooling for laboratory- and industrial-scale gas separation, liquefaction, storage, and transportation systems; high temperature superconducting motors, generators, transmission lines, and magnetic resonance imaging systems; liquid hydrogen fuel cell storage for the automotive industry; and commercial orbital transfer vehicles and satellites.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Cryogenic/Fluid Systems

Form Generated on 12-15-11 17:36