NASA SBIR 2010 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 10-1 S1.03-9762
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Passive Microwave Technologies
PROPOSAL TITLE: Cryogenic MEMS Technology for Sensing Applications

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
MEMtronics Corporation
3000 Custer Road, Suite 270-400
Plano, TX 75075 - 4422
(214) 552-7055

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Chuck Goldsmith
cgoldsmith@memtronics.com
3000 Custer Road, Suite 270-400
Plano, TX 75075 - 4422
(214) 552-7055

Estimated Technology Readiness Level (TRL) at beginning and end of contract:
Begin: 1
End: 4

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (Limit 2000 characters, approximately 200 words)
The development of cryogenic microwave components, such as focal plane polarization modulators, first requires an RF MEMS switching technology that operates effectively at cryogenic temperatures. The approach of this project is to explore the performance of capacitive MEMS switching technology at low temperatures. MEMS capacitive switches represent an alternative to ohmic contact switches, where the RF impedance of the device is not dependent on metal-metal contacts. These MEMS switches operate with much lower effective series resistance (generally ~ 0.25 ohms) and do not have the issues associated with dry contact switching. This technology also has the advantage of operating very well at millimeter-wave frequencies and higher, where many of the most demanding performance limitations exist. This technology has seen significant investment through DARPA and the DOD, and is directly applicable to high-performance microwave components needed in several of the upcoming NASA missions.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
Low-loss, low-power microwave and millimeter-wave switching devices are very important to the development of a variety of NASA sensors and communications systems. In sensors, this RF MEMS technology will be very useful in radiometer systems. Using MEMS to switch polarizations in focal plane detectors is one very useful function. This is especially true for bolometric detectors, where very low loss and low power dissipation devices are required. The MEMS provide a convenient platform for routing and phase shifting the microwave or millimeter-wave signals being sensed. Applications include earth-based monitoring for xxx and space-based survey missions, including PATH, SCLLP, GACM, and the Beyond Einstein Inflation Probe for probing the cosmic microwave background emission.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (Limit 1500 characters, approximately 150 words)
One of the dominant applications of RF MEMS being pursued today is that of tunable or reconfigurable filters in the microwave and millimeter-wave frequency ranges. High performance waveguide filters are a staple of satellite and earth-based communications systems. Unfortunately, those high-performance filters are large, heavy, and expensive (each one is hand crafted). One excellent application of MEMS technology is making those filter tunable, so that a single filter can be reconfigured or adapted to changing requirements and usage. One excellent application of tunable filters is in cellular base station applications. Currently, transmitter head at cell phone sites have fixed channel filters which on occasion need to be changed out do to changing requirements in base station coverage or services. This requires manual replacement of filters, a significant logistics issue for both manpower and inventory to keep the 100,000+ US cell phone sites updated. A tunable filter would enable remote retuning of filters to save significant expense. The development of this cryogenic switch technology would be compatible with the superconducting filter technology and offer some very interesting product capabilities for tunable, superconducting filters.

TECHNOLOGY TAXONOMY MAPPING (NASA's technology taxonomy has been developed by the SBIR-STTR program to disseminate awareness of proposed and awarded R/R&D in the agency. It is a listing of over 100 technologies, sorted into broad categories, of interest to NASA.)
Characterization
Circuits (including ICs; for specific applications, see e.g., Communications, Networking & Signal Transport; Control & Monitoring, Sensors)
Electromagnetic
Manufacturing Methods
Materials (Insulator, Semiconductor, Substrate)
Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) and smaller
Microfabrication (and smaller; see also Electronics; Mechanical Systems; Photonics)
Microwave
Models & Simulations (see also Testing & Evaluation)
Radio
Radiometric
Routers, Switches
Sensor Nodes & Webs (see also Communications, Networking & Signal Transport)
Terahertz (Sub-millimeter)


Form Generated on 09-03-10 12:12