NASA SBIR 2004 Solicitation

FORM B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: 04 B3.09-7744
SUBTOPIC TITLE: Radiation Shielding to Protect Humans
PROPOSAL TITLE: Multifunctional, Boron-Foam Based Radiation Shielding

SMALL BUSINESS CONCERN (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
MER Corp
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706-9237
(520)574-1980

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR/PROJECT MANAGER (Name, E-mail, Mail Address, City/State/Zip, Phone)
Dr. Witold Kowbel
mercorp@mercorp.com
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ 85706-9237
(520)574-1980

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (LIMIT 200 WORDS)
The NASA vision of Space Exploration requires new approaches to radiation shielding. Both Spiral 2 and Spiral 3 concepts are extremely sensitive to weight reduction. Currently used thermal protection (TPS) and radiation shielding concepts are separate identities. As a result, the net weight of current TPS/radiation shielding concepts is very significant. In an effort to greatly reduce the mass of the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), a totally new concept is proposed. It merges a novel approach to TPS combined with a totally new approach to radiation shielding. A boron carbide foam will be produced by a novel method. This foam will be integrated into a CEV TPS concept. As a result, the TPS will serve a multiple function including radiation shielding resulting in a significant weight saving.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (LIMIT 100 WORDS)
The primary NASA application is in the area of the Crew Exploration Vehicle for Spiral 2 and Spiral 3.

POTENTIAL NON-NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS (LIMIT 100 WORDS)
The novel boron carbide foam can be used as radiation shielding in future commercial space travel.