NASA SBIR 01-1 Solicitation

FORM 9B - PROPOSAL SUMMARY


PROPOSAL NUMBER: E1.03-8391 (For NASA Use Only - Chron: 013608 )
PROPOSAL TITLE:
Microwave Rain Gage

TECHNICAL ABSTRACT (LIMIT 200 WORDS)
This proposal describes a plan for the design and development of line of sight and area averaged rain measurements using microwave techniques. The line averaged (and area covered) could be made variable, from as low as 100m (100m x 100m) to several km. The individual units can thus be used for both local measurements as well as for extending the observation over rain-cells. The techniques might be extended using multi-frequency and other techniques to obtain independent estimate of rain size distribution.
Both microwave attenuation and phase-shifts are potential candidates for measure rain rates. Microwave attenuation increases with frequency for up to 100 GHz. The choice of appropriate frequencies is important and optimization may become necessary in terms of available technology, cost and accuracies. The proposed effort describes a plan to develop a versatile instrument for measuring attenuation and phase at several frequencies. Experiments performed using the instrument will allow us to infer the optimum system parameters for rain measurements. A detailed engineering design for the development of such a system will be provided during Phase I.

POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS
Such a system will be valuable for earth communities, for scientific research, for global environment, for agriculture and forestry among others. It would be valuable for NASA in estimating the ground truth and calibration and for comparisons with the TRMM Rain Radar.

NAME AND ADDRESS OF PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (Name, Organization Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip)
Suman Ganguly
Center for Remote Sensing, Inc.
11350 Random Hills Rd. Suite 710
Fairfax , VA   22030 - 6044

NAME AND ADDRESS OF OFFEROR (Firm Name, Mail Address, City/State/Zip)
Center for Remote Sensing, Inc.
11350 Random Hills Rd. Suite 710
Fairfax , VA   22030 - 6044


Form Printed on 06-19-01 15:44